Principal areas of the Italian penninsula and its vincinity up to the Second Punic War (218 BC).
Total War History: Battle of Cannae (Part 1/5)
In 216 BC, at Cannae, the genius of Hannibal Barca was matched against the raw power of Rome's legions. 120,000 men would take part in this colossal clash of titans and make it one of the most studied and emulated battles of antiquity. We...
Total War History: Battle of Cannae (Part 4/5)
Despite losing their top commanders, the Roman heavy infantrymen press forward. Hannibal and his soldiers must hold back this juggernaut at all cost... if they fail, all is lost! Documentary Sources: "The Ghosts of Cannae" by Robert L. O'Connell...
Total War History: Battle of Cannae (Part 3/5)
The sun rises, shining on the red flag of battle flying over the Roman camp... Tens of thousands of hooves and boots pound the war drums! Soldiers, now is your hour of valor! Documentary Sources: "The Ghosts of Cannae" by Robert L. O'Connell...
Carthaginian silver dishekel. The head has been identified as Hamilcar Barca (c. 285 – c. 228 BCE). Minted in Carthago Nova, Spain, 237-227 BCE.
Total War History: Battle of Cannae (Part 5/5)
Tactically the battle has been decided... but the killing has only just begun! We will now have to consider just how the Romans, who still significantly outnumbered their opponents, were massacred so one-sidedly. (Scene of Cannae in military...
Marcus Claudius Marcellus
Marcus Claudius Marcellus (c. 270-208 BCE) was a five-time consul and, earning the nickname the 'Sword of Rome', he was one of the city's greatest military commanders. Active in both the First and Second Punic Wars, he also won honours for...
The Western Mediterranean 264 BCE
Map of the western Mediterranean at the time of the First Punic War in 264 BCE.
Roman Naval Attack on Carthage
An artist's impression of what the Roman naval attack on Carthage may have looked like during the Third Punic War, 149-146 BCE.
The Genpei War (1180-1185 CE), also known as the Taira-Minamoto War, was a conflict in Japan principally between two rival clans: the Minamoto and Taira, for control of the imperial throne. The civil war was punctuated by a typhoon, earthquake...