Commodus was Roman emperor from 180 to 192 CE. With the death of Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius in March of 180 CE, the long reign of the five good emperors came to an end and with it so did the Pax Romana (the Roman Peace). Those emperors...
Augustus of Prima Porta
Augustus of Prima Porta, statue of the emperor Augustus in Museo Chiaramonti, Vatican, Rome.
The ruins of the Forum Romanum in Rome.
Temple of Saturn, Roman Forum
The 4th century Temple of Saturn in the Roman Forum of Rome. Once housing a cult statue of Saturn it was the focal point of the annual Saturnalia celebrations every December and housed the city's treasury.
Circus Maximus Reconstruction
An illustration of what the Circus Maximus chariot track of Rome might have looked like. The Circus Maximus dates back to the 6th century BCE but was at its most splendid in the 1st century CE when it had a capacity for 250,000 spectators...
Arch of Constantine I
The north side of the Arch of Constantine I in Rome. Dedicated in 315 CE, the triumphal arch celebrates the emperor's victory over the Roman tyrant Maxentius in 312 CE. It is the largest surviving triumphal arch and the last great Imperial...
Baths of Caracalla
The Roman baths complex in the south of Rome known as the Baths of Caracalla were probably commissioned by Septimius Severus but were opened by his son Caracalla in 216 CE and finished c. 235 CE. They are one of the best preserved bath complexes...
Arch of Septimius Severus
Arch of Septimius Severus and the Curia in the Roman Forum, Rome. The Arch of Septimius Severus, erected in 203 CE, commemorates the Roman victories over the Parthians in the final decade of the 2nd century CE.
Arch of Janus
The Arch of Janus in the forum Boarium of Rome, constructed in the 4th century CE. The four-way marble arch probably acted as a boundary marker and, perhaps not coincidentally, stands directly over the Great Drain or Cloaca Maxima which fed...
Temple of Castor & Pollux
The three remaining Corinthian columns of the Temple of Castor & Pollux in the Roman Forum, Rome. The present temple dates from the end of the 1st century BCE and early 1st century CE but replaced a temple also dedicated to the demi-god twins...