Battle of Pydna
The Battle of Pydna in June 168 BCE was a decisive Roman victory that ended the Third Macedonian War and established Rome as the dominant power in the Mediterranean. The Roman Republic was expanding, enlarging its sphere of influence along...
Philip V of Macedon, Palazzo Massimo
A marble portrait bust of Philip V of Macedon r. 220-179 BCE. A 2nd century CE Roman copy of a Greek original. (Palazzo Massimo, Rome)
Hephaestion was a member of Alexander the Great's personal bodyguard and the Macedonian king's closest and lifelong friend and advisor. So much so, Hephaestion's death would bring the young king to tears. From 334 to 323 BCE Alexander the...
The hypaspists were a type of infantry soldier who served as a vital part of the Macedonian armies of both Philip II and his son and heir Alexander III, better known to most as Alexander the Great. They became an invaluable piece of an infantry...
Perseus, King of Macedon
Perseus of Macedon, 179-168 BCE, coin from the British Museum
Macedonia under Philip II
Map of the Kingdom of Macedon and its expansions at the death of Philip II in 336 BC. Based on R. Ginouvès et al., La Macédoine, Paris, 1992.
Elephants in Greek & Roman Warfare
In the search for ever more impressive and lethal weapons to shock the enemy and bring total victory the armies of ancient Greece, Carthage, and even sometimes Rome turned to the elephant. Huge, exotic, and frightening the life out of an...
Coin of Demetrius I of Macedon
Tetradrachm portraying Demetrius I of Macedon (ruled 294 – 288 BCE). On the reverse, Poseidon stands left, foot on rock, holding trident. The Greek inscription reads ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΔΗΜΗΤΡΙΟΥ "King Demetrius". (Archaeological Museum, Pella)
Ancient Macedon & Modern Political Map Overlay
A map indicating the approximate location of the ancient kingdom of Macedon and the modern political entities that area now covers.
Roman Bust Attributed to Philip V of Macedon
A bust of a warrior, sometimes identified as Philip V of Macedon (238–179 BCE). Roman copy made c. 220 - 179 BCE, after a Pergamene original made c. 200 BCE. Found near the River Tiber, Rome. From the National Roman Museum -Palazzo Massimo...