Quintus Horatius Flaccus (65-8 BCE), better known to most modern readers as Horace, was one of Rome's best-loved poets and, along with his fellow poet Virgil, a member of Emperor Augustus' inner circle at the imperial palace. Despite his...
Lucius Flavius Arrianus, commonly known as Arrian (86 - c. 160 CE) was a Greek historian, philosopher, and statesman from Nicomedia, capital of the Roman province of Bithynia. Arrian is recognized as one of the most renowned authors of the...
Map of the Abbasid Empire
The extent of the Abbasid empire at its greatest extent has been shaded with green. The whole of the Arabian Peninsula, Persia, Iraq, Syria, parts of Asia Minor, Egypt, the North African coast excluding Morocco (Maghreb), Crete and the western...
Chandragupta Maurya's Empire
The empire of Chandragupta Maurya (340-298 BCE) at its greatest extent, c. 305 BCE. However, Jain texts would suggest the Empire stretched much further to the south.
The Tarascan Empire
A map of Mexico indicating in green the extent of the Tarascan empire in the late Post-Classic period (1350-1520 CE) and the Tarascan capital of Tzintzuntzan. Indicated in grey is the contemporary Aztec empire.
Roman Religion - The Imperial Cult Explained
The Imperial Cult in the Roman Empire was an important tool for the romanization of the Empire, it brought with it a sense of commonality to the provinces of the Roman world. But it proved to be incompatible with Christianity. Narration...
Gao & the Niger River
An aerial view of Gao and the Niger River in Mali, West Africa. The river and trade along it were fundamental in the rise of African empires such as the Mali Empire (1240-1645 CE). Photo Credit: UN Photo/Harandane Dicko
Map of the Ptolemaic World
A map showing the known world at the time of the Ptolemaic Empire, ca. 300 BC.
Portugal & the Age of Exploration
The Portuguese built an empire from 1420 onwards that was largely composed of trade centres dotted around the coasts of three continents. This colonial enterprise was driven by a search for African gold, Asian spices, and Christian kingdoms...
Kahina (7th century CE) was a Berber (Imazighen) warrior-queen and seer who led her people against the Arab Invasion of North Africa in the 7th century CE. She is also known as al-Kahina, Dihya al-Kahina, Dahlia, Daya, and Dahia-al-Kahina...