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Map of the Roman Empire, 350 CE
Imageby Poole, Reginald Lane, 1857-1939

Map of the Roman Empire, 350 CE

A map of the Roman Empire, circa 350 CE, showing its Dioceses, the administrative divisions of the late Roman Empire. The diocese was introduced by emperor Diocletian to supplant the province as administrative unit of the empire.
Vagharshapat
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Vagharshapat

Vagharshapat (Valarsapat), located some 20 km west of modern Yerevan, was an ancient city in Armenia founded in the 2nd century CE. Serving as the capital, the city prospered and, under the new name of Echmiadzin, became the spiritual capital...
Predynastic Period in Egypt
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Predynastic Period in Egypt

The Predynastic Period in Ancient Egypt is the time before recorded history from the Paleolithic to the Neolithic Age and on to the rise of the First Dynasty and is generally recognized as spanning the era from c. 6000-3150 BCE (though physical...
Palenque
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Palenque

Located in the foothills of the Chiapas altiplano of modern Mexico, Palenque was an important Maya city which flourished between c. 600 and 750 CE. The name Palenque derives from the Spanish, meaning 'fortified place', but the original Maya...
Chaco Canyon
Definitionby Benjamin Oswald

Chaco Canyon

Chaco Canyon was the center of a pre-Columbian civilization flourishing in the San Juan Basin of the American Southwest from the 9th to the 12th century CE. Chacoan civilization represents a singular period in the history of an ancient people...
Sukhothai
Definitionby James Blake Wiener

Sukhothai

Sukhothai or Sukhothai Historical Park was the former capital of the Kingdom of Sukhothai (1248-1438 CE), which was founded by King Si Inthrathit (r. 1238-1270 CE) and was the first in a series of independent polities that would eventually...
Roman Double Glass Vessel
Imageby Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Roman Double Glass Vessel

This remarkable cast Roman vessel contains a 2nd miniature vessel attached to its base. Double vessels/flasks have been discovered in both western and eastern parts of the Roman World. This suggests that craftsmen were in direct contact with...
Roman Theatre of Acinipo, Spain
Imageby Carole Raddato

Roman Theatre of Acinipo, Spain

The Roman theatre of Acinipo in southern Spain (Roman province of Hispania Baetica), built in the middle of the 1st century BCE. It is one of the most ancient Roman theatres in Spain.
Emperor of Japan
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Emperor of Japan

The emperor of Japan is a position as the head of state which traditionally dates back to the 7th century BCE and the legendary figure of Emperor Jimmu (r. 660-585 BCE). Emperors came to be known as the Tenno or 'heavenly sovereign' in reference...
Third Dynasty of Egypt
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Third Dynasty of Egypt

The Third Dynasty of Egypt (c. 2670-2613 BCE) begins with king Djoser, famous for his Step Pyramid at Saqqara. Although there are some sources which claim a king named Sanakht (also known as Nebra) founded the Third Dynasty, these claims...