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The Basilica of Pompeii
Imageby Carole Raddato

The Basilica of Pompeii

The Basilica of Pompeii stands near the west corner of the Forum and is the oldest and most important public building in the town. Covering an area of 1,500 square metres, it was built around 130-120 BCE and is one of the oldest examples...
Opus Reticulatum Wall, Pompeii
Imageby Jensens

Opus Reticulatum Wall, Pompeii

A portion of Roman opus reticulatum wall in Pompeii.
Dante Alighieri
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Dante Alighieri

Dante Alighieri (1265-1321) was an Italian poet and politician most famous for his Divine Comedy (c. 1319) where he descends through Hell, climbs Purgatory, and arrives at the illumination of Paradise. Dante meets many historical characters...
Floor Plan of the Pantheon, Rome
Imageby R. Blomfield

Floor Plan of the Pantheon, Rome

A diagram showing the floor plan of the Pantheon of Rome, completed in c. 125 CE under the reign of Hadrian.
Pediment, Pantheon
Imageby Mark Cartwright

Pediment, Pantheon

The pediment of the pantheon in Rome, completed c. 125 CE. Once it would have carried a gilded bronze emblem, possibly an eagle and wreath.
Drust I
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Drust I

Drust I (also known as Drest I, Drest son of Irb, and Drest son of Erb) was an early king of the Picts known as "The King of One Hundred Battles" that he seems to have been victorious in. His reign is given as 406-451 CE, 413-451...
Celsus Library Facade, Ephesos
Imageby Mark Cartwright

Celsus Library Facade, Ephesos

A deatil of the facade of the library of Ephesos (c. 117 CE).
Achaemenid Empire
Definitionby Peter Davidson

Achaemenid Empire

East of the Zagros Mountains, a high plateau stretches off towards India. While Egypt was rising up against the Hyksos, a wave of pastoral tribes from north of the Caspian Sea was drifting down into this area and across into India. By the...
Mandala
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Mandala

A mandala (Sanskrit for “circle”) is an artistic representation of higher thought and deeper meaning given as a geometric symbol used in spiritual, emotional, or psychological work to focus one's attention. The image first appears in India...
Mesopotamia
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Mesopotamia

Mesopotamia (from the Greek, meaning 'between two rivers') was an ancient region located in the eastern Mediterranean bounded in the northeast by the Zagros Mountains and in the southeast by the Arabian Plateau, corresponding to modern-day...