Search Results: Richard I of England

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Rollo of Normandy
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Rollo of Normandy

Rollo (l. c.860-c.930 CE, r. 911-927 CE) was a Viking chieftain who became the founder and first ruler of the region of Normandy. He converted to Christianity as part of a deal with the Frankish king Charles the Simple (893-923 CE) in 911...
Thomas Cavendish
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Thomas Cavendish

Thomas Cavendish (1560-1592 CE) was an Elizabethan mariner and privateer who famously circumnavigated the globe in 1586-88 CE, only the third voyage to do so and the first to set sail with that specific intention. Returning rich from Spanish...
Fontevraud Abbey, France
Imageby Jean-Etienne Minh-Duy Poirrier

Fontevraud Abbey, France

A panoramic view of Fontevraud Abbey near Chinon, France. The abbey was founded in 1101 CE by Robert of Arbrissel (c. 1045 – 1116 CE). The abbey was the burial place of several English monarchs, including King Henry II of England (r. 1154...
Stephen of England & Henry II of England
Imageby British Library

Stephen of England & Henry II of England

A manuscript depicting King Stephen of England (r. 1135 - 1154 CE) on the left, and King Henry II of England (r. 1154 - 1189 CE) on the right. Stephen is depicted standing and holding a falcon, Henry II is seated upon his throne. From...
William Cecil, Lord Burghley
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

William Cecil, Lord Burghley

William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley (1520-1598 CE) was Elizabeth I of England's most important minister for much of her reign (1558-1603 CE). Lord Burghley was Secretary of State for both Edward VI of England (r. 1547-1553 CE) and Elizabeth...
Mayflower Passengers & Crew
Articleby Joshua J. Mark

Mayflower Passengers & Crew

The 102 Mayflower passengers were a diverse group made up of religious separatists (later known as pilgrims) and others referred to by the pilgrims as Strangers (people who did not share their faith). The ship also had a crew of approximately...
Ten Pilgrim Facts You Need to Know
Articleby Joshua J. Mark

Ten Pilgrim Facts You Need to Know

The story of the pilgrims of Plymouth Colony is well known regarding the basic facts: they sailed on the Mayflower, arrived off the coast of Massachusetts on 11 November 1620 CE, came ashore at Plymouth Rock, half of them died the first winter...
Saint Margaret of Scotland
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Saint Margaret of Scotland

Saint Margaret of Scotland (c. 1046-1093 CE) was, as the second wife of Malcolm III (r. 1058-1093 CE), the queen of Scotland from 1070 CE until her death in November 1093 CE. A princess of the royal house of Wessex, she brought Anglo-Saxon...
John Rolfe
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

John Rolfe

John Rolfe (l. 1585-1622 CE) was an English merchant and colonist of Jamestown best known as the husband of Pocahontas (l. c. 1596-1617 CE). He is also known, however, for his successful cultivation of tobacco in Virginia which established...
Dissolution of the Monasteries
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Dissolution of the Monasteries

The Dissolution of the Monasteries was a policy introduced in 1536 CE by Henry VIII of England (r. 1509-1547 CE) to close down and confiscate the lands and wealth of all monasteries in England and Wales. The plan was designed as a lucrative...
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