Search Results: Richard I of England

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Causes of the Hundred Years' War
Articleby Mark Cartwright

Causes of the Hundred Years' War

The Hundred Years' War (1337-1453 CE) was an intermittent conflict fought between England and France that started when king Edward III of England (r. 1327-1377 CE) squabbled with Philip VI of France (r. 1328-1350 CE) over feudal rights concerning...
Magna Carta
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Magna Carta

The Magna Carta or 'Great Charter' was an agreement imposed on King John of England (r. 1199-1216) on 15 June 1215 by rebellious barons in order to limit his power and prevent arbitrary royal acts like land confiscation and unreasonable taxes...
Thomas Cranmer
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Thomas Cranmer

Thomas Cranmer served as the first Protestant Archbishop of Canterbury from 1533 to 1555 CE and was one of the prime architects of the English Reformation during the reigns of Henry VIII of England (r. 1509-1547 CE) and Edward VI of England...
The House of Tudor
Collectionby Mark Cartwright

The House of Tudor

The House of Tudor ruled England from 1485 to 1603 CE. The period is seen as a Golden Age of English history when strong-willed monarchs made lasting contributions to the nation's history, strutted around in flamboyant clothes and gave endless...
Crusades
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Crusades

The Crusades were a series of military campaigns organised by popes and Christian western powers to take Jerusalem and the Holy Land back from Muslim control and then defend those gains. There were eight major official crusades between 1095...
Mary, Queen of Scots
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Mary, Queen of Scots

Mary, Queen of Scots was the queen of both Scotland (r. 1542-1567 CE) and briefly, France (r. 1559-1560 CE). Obliged to flee Scotland, the queen was imprisoned for 19 years by Elizabeth I of England (r. 1558-1603 CE) and finally executed...
The Six Wives of Henry VIII
Articleby Mark Cartwright

The Six Wives of Henry VIII

In his search to secure the continuation of the Tudor line, Henry VIII of England (r. 1509-1547 CE) married an incredible six times. Some marriages were the result of passion while others were arranged for political reasons. One divorce caused...
New England Colonies
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

New England Colonies

The New England Colonies were the settlements established by English religious dissenters along the coast of the north-east of North America between 1620-1640 CE. The original colonies were: Plymouth Colony (1620 CE) New Hampshire...
The Armour of an English Medieval Knight
Articleby Mark Cartwright

The Armour of an English Medieval Knight

English medieval knights wore metal armour of iron or steel to protect themselves from archers and the long swords of opponents. From the 9th century CE, chain mail suits gave protection and freedom of movement until solid plate armour became...
The Sea Dogs - Queen Elizabeth's Privateers
Articleby Mark Cartwright

The Sea Dogs - Queen Elizabeth's Privateers

The sea dogs, as they were disparagingly called by the Spanish authorities, were privateers who, with the consent and sometimes financial support of Elizabeth I of England (r. 1558-1603 CE), attacked and plundered Spanish colonial settlements...