Temple of Hathor, Abu Simbel
Temple of Hathor or "Small Temple" - constructed during the 19th Dynasty. On the facade, six colossuses represent Rameses II (1290-1223 BCE) and his wife, Queen Nefertari, shown as the Goddess Hathor. Alongside each colossus are small figures...
The Offering of Ma'at
This is a raised and colored relief within the interior of the Temple of Beit el-Wali, Lake Nasser, Aswan, Egypt (c. 1276 BC). On the left, Ramesses II makes an offering of the goddess Ma'at to the god Amun.
Sarcophagus of Ramesses III
Sarcophagus of Ramesses III (1184-1153 BCE). Found in the Valley of Kings. Louvre, Paris
Ancient Egyptian Culture
Ancient Egyptian culture flourished between c. 6000 BCE with the rise of technology (as evidenced in the glasswork of faience) and 30 BCE with the death of Cleopatra VII, the last Ptolemaic ruler of Egypt. It is famous today for the great...
An Introduction to the Ancient Egyptian Civilization
This Introduction to the Ancient Egyptian Civilization is a compact guide to the main time periods, events and pharaohs of Ancient Egypt. Narrated by DW Draffin, learn all about the beginnings of the Old Kingdom of Egypt with the first pharaoh...
Ancient Egyptian Agriculture
Agriculture was the foundation of the ancient Egyptian economy and vital to the lives of the people of the land. Agricultural practices began in the Delta Region of northern Egypt and the fertile basin known as the Faiyum in the Predynastic...
Ancient Egyptian Taxes & the Cattle Count
The gods of ancient Egypt freely gave their bounty to the people who worked the land, but this did not exempt those farmers from paying taxes on that bounty to the government. Egypt was a cashless society until the Persian Period (c. 525...
Games, Sports & Recreation in Ancient Egypt
Although the ancient Egyptians are often depicted as death-obsessed and dour, they actually had a great appreciation for life and their culture reflected their belief in existence as an eternal journey imbued with magic. Life was a gift from...
The Land of Punt is described in ancient Egyptian texts as "the land of the gods" and a region rich in resources. In the decades after Jean-Francois Champollion first deciphered Egyptian heiroglyphics in 1822 CE, and western scholars began...
Egyptian Pilgrim Bottle
Gold-mounted alabaster "Pilgrim-bottle". It has a silver foot and was incised with blue-filled cartouches of the Egyptian pharaoh Rameses II and Queen Nefertari. From Thebes, Egypt. 19th Dynasty, 1292–1189 BCE. The Petrie Museum of Egyptian...