East of the Zagros Mountains, a high plateau stretches off towards India. While Egypt was rising up against the Hyksos, a wave of pastoral tribes from north of the Caspian Sea was drifting down into this area and across into India. By the...
Egyptian Afterlife - The Field of Reeds
The ancient Egyptians believed that life on earth was only one part of an eternal journey which ended, not in death, but in everlasting joy. When one's body failed, the soul did not die with it but continued on toward an afterlife where one...
Suppiluliuma I (1344-1322 BCE) is considered the most powerful and impressive king of the Hittite Empire. He was the son of Tudhaliya II (also known as Tudhaliya III) and is credited with founding the New Kingdom of the Hittites (also called...
Ghosts in Ancient Egypt
A text known as The Lay of the Harper, dating from the Middle Kingdom (2040-1782 BCE) encourages its audience to make the most of the time because death is a certainty: Make a holiday! And do not tire of playing! For no one is allowed...
A head of a statue of Khaemweset (c. 1281 - c. 1225 BCE), son of Ramesses II, Crown Prince, high priest of Ptah at Memphis and famous restorer of Egyptian monuments. (Neues Museum Berlin, Germany)
Death Mask of Khaemweset
Gold death mask, possibly of Khaemweset (c. 1281 - c. 1225 BCE), son of Ramesses II, Crown Prince, high priest of Ptah at Memphis and famous restorer of Egyptian monuments. Saqqara tomb, Egypt. (Louvre Museum, Paris)
Hittite Version of Kadesh Treaty
This is the Hittite version of the so-called "Kadesh Treaty" (also called the Silver Treaty or the Eternal Treaty). It was an Egyptian-Hittite peace treaty. Only three tablets of this Treaty were found in the Hittite capital, Hattusa, among...
The Temple of Hatshepsut
Among the duties of any Egyptian monarch was the construction of monumental building projects to honor the gods and preserve the memory of their reigns for eternity. These building projects were not just some grandiose gesture on the part...
Beer in Ancient Egypt
Considering the value the ancient Egyptians placed on enjoying life, it is no surprise that they are known as the first civilization to perfect the art of brewing beer. The Egyptians were so well known as brewers, in fact, that their fame...
Alexandria is a port city located on the Mediterranean Sea in northern Egypt founded in 331 BCE by Alexander the Great. It was the site of the Pharos (lighthouse), one of the seven wonders of the ancient world, and the legendary Library of...