Search Results: Ramesses II

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The Dates of the Buddha
Articleby Joshua J. Mark

The Dates of the Buddha

The dates of the Buddha, Siddhartha Gautama, have been a concern of, primarily, Western scholars for well over 100 years now owing to the particularly Western need for precise dating of historical persons and events. The problem with precise...
Second Intermediate Period of Egypt
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Second Intermediate Period of Egypt

The Second Intermediate Period (c. 1782 - c.1570 BCE) is the era following the Middle Kingdom of Egypt (2040-1782 BCE) and preceding the New Kingdom (1570-1069 BCE). As with all historical designations of the eras of Egyptian history, the...
Festivals in Ancient Egypt
Articleby Joshua J. Mark

Festivals in Ancient Egypt

The gods of the ancient Egyptians were always apparent to the people through natural events. The sunrise was Ra emerging from the underworld in his great ship, for example, and the moon was the god Khonsu traveling across the night sky. When...
Kadesh Treaty
Imageby Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Kadesh Treaty

The treaty of Kadesh was written in Akkadian language in 1269 BCE. It was a peace-treaty which was concluded between Ramesses II (the Egyptian pharaoh) and Hattusilis (king of Hittite). These two tablets were found in Boğazköy-Buyulkale (the...
Colossi of Memnon
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Colossi of Memnon

The Colossi of Memnon (also known as el-Colossat or el-Salamat) are two monumental statues representing Amenhotep III (1386-1353 BCE) of the 18th Dynasty of Egypt. They are located west of the modern city of Luxor and face east looking toward...
Ancient Persian Religion
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Ancient Persian Religion

Ancient Persian religion was a polytheistic faith which corresponds roughly to what is known today as ancient Persian mythology. It first developed in the region known as Greater Iran (the Caucasus, Central Asia, South Asia, and West Asia...
King-list of Egypt, Detail of the 18th Dynasty
Imageby Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

King-list of Egypt, Detail of the 18th Dynasty

A pharaoh was known primarily by his throne name. This was traditionally a statement about his divine father, the sun-god Ra, so all cartouches with throne names display a sun-god at the top. A king's birth name was the only name he had already...
Kneeling Statue of Panehsy
Imageby Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Kneeling Statue of Panehsy

Panehsy, a royal treasurer from Memphis under Ramesses II, holds a shrine containing Osiris (center), his wife Isis, and their son Horus. The text invokes these and other deities of Abydos and explains that the statue was placed in one of...
A Ghost Story of Ancient Egypt
Articleby Joshua J. Mark

A Ghost Story of Ancient Egypt

The best-known ghost story from ancient Egypt is known, simply, as A Ghost Story but sometimes referenced as Khonsemhab and the Ghost. The story dates from the late New Kingdom of Egypt (c. 1570 - c.1069 BCE) and specifically the Ramesside...
Sarcophagus Lid of Setau
Imageby Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Sarcophagus Lid of Setau

Setau, a viceroy of Nubia for Ramesses II, assumes the pose of Osiris, god of the afterlife. His crossed hands claps a djed (right) and tit (left), symbols of performance and life linked to Osiris and consort Isis. Below, the sky goddess...
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