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Ptolemy II
Imageby John Tuttle

Ptolemy II

Granite statue depicting Ptolemy II. The king commissioned the statue to be made during his own reign, about 285-246 BCE. Son of Ptolemy I Soter, Ptolemy II is known in his role as king of Ptolemaic Egypt. (Vatican Museums, Rome)
Stela of Ptolemy IX & Cleopatra III
Imageby Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Stela of Ptolemy IX & Cleopatra III

Two thirds of this stela were lost due to reuse as building material. It documents a royal visit to Elephantine. Ptolemy IX and Cleopatra III, his mother and co-regent, granted privileges to the priests of Khnum, a local ram god. The scene...
Alexandria, Egypt
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Alexandria, Egypt

Alexandria is a port city located on the Mediterranean Sea in northern Egypt founded in 331 BCE by Alexander the Great. It was the site of the Pharos (lighthouse), one of the seven wonders of the ancient world, and the legendary Library of...
Ancient Egypt
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Ancient Egypt

Egypt is a country in North Africa, on the Mediterranean Sea, and is home to one of the oldest civilizations on earth. The name 'Egypt' comes from the Greek Aegyptos which was the Greek pronunciation of the ancient Egyptian name 'Hwt-Ka-Ptah'...
Cassander
Definitionby Donald L. Wasson

Cassander

Cassander (c. 355-297 BCE, r. 305-297 BCE) was self-proclaimed king of Macedon during the political turmoil following Alexander's death. Born in Greece as the son of Antipater, the regent of Macedon and Greece in the absence of Alexander...
Bust of Ptolemy of Mauretania, Louvre
Imageby Omar2788

Bust of Ptolemy of Mauretania, Louvre

A marble bust of King Ptolemy of Mauretania (c. 10 BCE - c. 40 CE). Ptolemy was the son of Juba II and Cleopatra Selene II, making him a descendant of both the Berber rulers of Numidia and the Ptolemaic dynasty of Egypt. Through his mother...
Caesarion
Definitionby Arienne King

Caesarion

Ptolemy XV Caesar “Theos Philopator Philometor” (“the Father-loving Mother-loving God”) (c. 47-30 BCE), better known by his unofficial nickname Caesarion or “Little Caesar” in Greek, was the oldest son of Cleopatra VII (69-30 BCE) and was...
Bronze Statues of Ptolemy II & Arsinöe II
Imageby The British Museum

Bronze Statues of Ptolemy II & Arsinöe II

These early 3rd Century BCE bronze statues from Alexandria, Egypt portray the royal Ptolemaic couple Ptolemy II "Philadelphus" ("The Sibling-Loving") and Arsinöe II. Ptolemy II is wearing the scalp of an elephant, possibly symbolic of Ptolemaic...
Ptolemy II (Facial Reconstruction)
Imageby Arienne King

Ptolemy II (Facial Reconstruction)

A photorealistic representation of Ptolemy II of Egypt (284-246 BCE) as he may have appeared early in his reign. This reconstruction is based on archaeological evidence including busts, coinage, and descriptions of Ptolemy II in historical...
Shrine of Ptolemy VIII & Cleopatra II
Imageby Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Shrine of Ptolemy VIII & Cleopatra II

The shrine held a cult statue of the goddess Isis, who is mentioned in the inscriptions. It stood in one of the sanctuaries of one of her famous temple on the island of Philae. Holes on all sides of the recess hold held two door leaves and...
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