Alexandros I Balas
Alexandros I Balas was a Seleucid king from 152 BC to 145 BCE. As the Seleucid king Demetrius I Soter (162-150 BCE) became more and more unpopular due to his arrogance and drunkenness, it was quite an easy task for the rival kingdoms, such...
Aerial View of Ancient Alexandria
A reconstruction of the ancient city of Alexandria as it probably appeared in the 1st Century BCE, during the reign of Cleopatra VII of Egypt (r. 51-30 BCE). By Rocío Espin. Courtesy of Ancient History Magazine / Karwansaray Publishers.
Birth of Caesarion
An artistic depiction of the infant Caesarion (47-30 BCE) being presented to the Alexandrians by his parents Cleopatra VII (69-30 BCE) and Julius Caesar (100-44 BCE). From the game Old World.
Siege of Alexandria, 47 BCE
The forces of Julius Caesar (100 BCE-48 BCE) battle a faction of the Egyptian army during the Siege of Alexandria in 47 BCE, part of a struggle over the Egyptian line of succession. Illustration by by Zvonimir Grbasic.
Ancient Egyptian Warfare
The Narmer Palette, an ancient Egyptian ceremonial engraving, depicts the great king Narmer (c. 3150 BCE) conquering his enemies with the support and approval of his gods. This piece, dating from c. 3200-3000 BCE, was initially thought to...
Taoism (also known as Daoism) is a Chinese philosophy attributed to Lao Tzu (c. 500 BCE) which developed from the folk religion of the people primarily in the rural areas of China and became the official religion of the country under the...
Nile Mosaic of Palestrina
This mosaic was part of the floor of a grotto in Palestrina, near Rome, Italy. It dates to c. 100 BCE and is an example of the interest that Roman artists and elites began to take in Ptolemaic Egypt during the 2nd and 1st Centuries BCE...
Demotic Ostracon Recording Payment of Necropolis Tax
This is a receipt for the "Tax of the Overseer of the Necropolis". Ancient Egyptian cemeteries possessed their own administration, the cost of which were defrayed by the payment of specific taxes. Most of the evidence for these were preserved...
Holy Roman Empire
The Holy Roman Empire officially lasted from 962 to 1806. It was one of Europe’s largest medieval and early modern states, but its power base was unstable and continually shifting. The Holy Roman Empire was not a unitary state, but a confederation...
Kublai Khan (Qubilai-Qan) was the ruler of the Mongol Empire from 1260 to 1294. His accomplishments include establishing Mongol rule in China under the name of the Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368), thus becoming the first non-Chinese to rule the...