Search Results: Ptolemaic Dynasty

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Ptolemy II Before Arsinoe II
Imageby British Museum

Ptolemy II Before Arsinoe II

Limestone relief from the Chapel of Ptolemy II at Tanis in the Nile Delta representing Ptolemy II facing Arsinoe II (San el-Hagar, ca. 275-250 BCE; BM reg. no. 1885,1101.5, inv. no. EA-1056). Courtesy of the Trustees of the British Museum...
Family Tree of Arsinoe II
Imageby Branko van Oppen

Family Tree of Arsinoe II

Stemma (reduced family tree) of Arsinoe II, the daughter of Ptolemy I and Berenice I, showing her three marriages to Lysimachus, her half-brother Ptolemy Ceraunus, and her full brother Ptolemy II, who was first married to Lysimachus’ daughter...
Relief of Cleopatra VII and Caesarion at the Dendera Temple
Imageby Olaf Tausch

Relief of Cleopatra VII and Caesarion at the Dendera Temple

This relief from one of the walls of the Dendera Temple in Egypt portrays Cleopatra VII along with her son Caesarion as Pharaoh. Cleopatra had intended for her son to succeed her as ruler of the Ptolemaic Kingdom, however her defeat at the...
Roman Portrait of Cleopatra
Imageby Sergey Sosnovskiy

Roman Portrait of Cleopatra

This marble copy of a portrait dates to between 40-30 BCE and is believed to depict the Ptolemaic queen Cleopatra VII. The bust is in fairly good condition although the nose has broken off. A broken off piece of marble on the statue's...
Emperor Xuanzong of Tang
Definitionby Emily Mark

Emperor Xuanzong of Tang

Xuanzong (birth name, Li Longji, l. 685-762 CE, r. 712-756 CE) was the 7th emperor of the Tang Dynasty of China, whose domestic and foreign policies established the Tang Dynasty as the Golden Age in Chinese history. Many of the most important...
Lighthouse of Alexandria, Reconstructed
Imageby NeoMam Studios

Lighthouse of Alexandria, Reconstructed

The Lighthouse of Alexandria was the first of its kind, created in 280 BCE. The lighthouse used a mirror to reflect the light up to 35 miles out to sea. By day, it used the light of the sun, by night it used a massive fire. It is one of the...
Paper in Ancient China
Articleby Mark Cartwright

Paper in Ancient China

The widespread use of paper and printing were features of ancient China which distinguished it from other ancient cultures. Traditionally, paper was invented in the early 2nd century CE, but there is evidence it was much earlier. As a cheaper...
Seleucid Empire
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Seleucid Empire

The Seleucid Empire (312-63 BCE) was the vast political entity established by Seleucus I Nicator (“Victor” or “Unconquered”, l. c. 358-281 BCE, r. 305-281 BCE), one of the generals of Alexander the Great who claimed a part of his empire after...
Hellenistic Successor Kingdoms c. 301 BCE
Imageby Simeon Netchev

Hellenistic Successor Kingdoms c. 301 BCE

A map illustrating the Hellenistic World and the successor kingdoms of the Diadochi (Alexander the Great's successors) c. 301 BCE.
Artashat
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Artashat

Artashat (aka Artaxata) was the capital of Ancient Armenia from 176 BCE and remained so for over 300 years of the kingdom's history. Located just south of Armenia's modern capital Yerevan, according to the ancient historian Plutarch, the...
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