Search Results: Ptolemaic Dynasty

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New Kingdom of Egypt
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

New Kingdom of Egypt

The New Kingdom (c. 1570- c.1069 BCE) is the era in Egyptian history following the disunity of the Second Intermediate Period (c. 1782-1570 BCE) and preceding the dissolution of the central government at the start of the Third Intermediate...
Diotid Dynasty
Definitionby Antoine Simonin

Diotid Dynasty

The Diodotids were a Greco-Bactrian dynasty of kings, composed of the two rulers Diodotos I and his son Diodotos II. The dynasty lasted between c. 250 BCE and c. 230 BCE, which was very short but significant because Diodotos I was the first...
Oracle Bones
Definitionby Emily Mark

Oracle Bones

Oracle Bones (also known as Dragon's Bones) were the shoulder blades of oxen or plastrons of turtles (the flat, underside of the turtle's shell) which were used in the Shang Dynasty of China (c. 1600-1046 BCE) for divination. The symbols...
Emperor Taizong of Tang
Definitionby Emily Mark

Emperor Taizong of Tang

Taizong (birth name, Li-Shimin, l. 598-649 CE, r. 626-649 CE) was the second emperor of the Tang Dynasty and is considered one of the greatest rulers in Chinese history for his reforms of the government and the laws, his religious tolerance...
Foot-Binding
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Foot-Binding

Foot-binding was a practice first carried out on young girls in Tang Dynasty China to restrict their normal growth and make their feet as small as possible. Considered an attractive quality, the effects of the process were painful and permanent...
Genghis Khan
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Genghis Khan

Genghis Khan (aka Chinggis Khan) was the founder of the Mongol Empire which he ruled from 1206 until his death in 1227. Born Temujin, he acquired the title of Genghis Khan, likely meaning 'universal ruler’, after unifying the Mongol tribes...
Ptolemy II & Arsinoe II
Imageby Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Ptolemy II & Arsinoe II

The stela, from a chapel in the royal couple's honors, shows Ptolemy II and Arsinoe II in a deified form. Their staffs are attribnbutes of Egyptian gods, as is the emblem of life (ankh) held by the queen. Yet, unusually, the King wields a...
Arsinöe II
Imageby Metropolitan Museum of Art

Arsinöe II

This limestone statue dates to 278-270 BCE and was found in the Memphite region of Egypt. Thought to portray the Ptolemaic queen Arsinöe II, the piece is an obvious callback to earlier Egyptian artistic motifs in an attempt to legitimize...
Abd al-Rahman I
Definitionby Michael Goodyear

Abd al-Rahman I

Abd al-Rahman was the founder of the Emirate of Cordoba and ruled as Abd al-Rahman I from 756-788 CE. As one of the lone survivors of the Umayyad Dynasty after the Abbasids defeated the Umayyad Caliphate, Abd al-Rahman bridged the Umayyad...
Cleopatra as Isis-Aphrodite
Imageby George Shuklin

Cleopatra as Isis-Aphrodite

This black basalt statue from Egypt portrays the Ptolemaic queen Cleopatra VII as Isis-Aphrodite (c. 51-30 BCE). Most Ptolemaic queens associated themselves with the goddess but none more famously than Cleopatra. In her own lifetime, she...
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