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The Delian League, Part 4: The Ten Years War (431/0-421/0 BCE)
Articleby Christopher Planeaux

The Delian League, Part 4: The Ten Years War (431/0-421/0 BCE)

This text is part of an article series on the Delian League. The fourth phase of the Delian League encompasses the first part of the Great Peloponnesian War, also referred to as the Ten Years War, sometimes called quite incorrectly The...
Squanto
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Squanto

Squanto (l. c. 1585-1622 CE) was the Native American of the Patuxet tribe who helped the English settlers of Plymouth Colony (later known as pilgrims) survive in their new home by teaching them how to plant crops, fish, and hunt. He is also...
Medieval Hygiene
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Medieval Hygiene

People in the Middle Ages have acquired something of a bad reputation when it comes to cleanliness, especially the peasantry. However, despite the general lack of running water and other modern amenities, there were common expectations of...
Pericles
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Pericles

Pericles (l. 495–429 BCE) was a prominent Greek statesman, orator, and general during the Golden Age of Athens. The period in which he led Athens, in fact, has been called the Age of Pericles due to his influence, not only on his city's fortunes...
The Crisis of the Third Century
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

The Crisis of the Third Century

The Crisis of the Third Century (also known as the Imperial Crisis, 235-284 CE) was the period in the history of the Roman Empire during which it splintered into three separate political entities: the Gallic Empire, the Roman Empire, and...
Giovanni Boccaccio
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Giovanni Boccaccio

Giovanni Boccaccio (1313-1375) was an Italian poet, writer, and scholar. His most famous and influential work is the Decameron, completed by 1353, in which his ten characters present 100 tales of everyday life. The book covers all manner...
Suppiluliuma I
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Suppiluliuma I

Suppiluliuma I (1344-1322 BCE) is considered the most powerful and impressive king of the Hittite Empire. He was the son of Tudhaliya II (also known as Tudhaliya III) and is credited with founding the New Kingdom of the Hittites (also called...
Yazdegerd III
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Yazdegerd III

Yazdegerd III (r. 632-651 CE) was the last monarch of the Sassanian Empire (224-651 CE), ruling – or attempting to rule – amidst the chaos of its final decline and fall to the invading Muslim Arabs. He was the son of the prince...
The Triumph of Death
Imageby Museo del Prado

The Triumph of Death

"The Triumph of Death" (Dutch: "De triomf van de Doods") is a painting by Dutch artist Pieter Bruegel the Elder (c. 1525-1569 CE). Oil on panel. Made c. 1562 CE. 117 cm × 162 cm (46 in × 63.8 in). (Museo del Prado, Madrid)
Danse Macabre in St. Mary's Church, Beram
Imageby Toffel

Danse Macabre in St. Mary's Church, Beram

"Dance of the Dead" fresco from the Church of St. Mary in Beram, Croatia. Painted by Vincent of Kastav, 1471. Artwork depicting the "Danse Macabre" motif became popular in Europe after the Black Death.
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