Philip II of Rome (Facial Reconstruction
A photorealistic reconstruction of what the Roman emperor Philip II (r. 247-249 CE) may have looked like. The young emperor was elevated to co-emperor by his father in 247 CE at the age of 10. Based on contemporary and near contemporary descriptions...
Greek Larnax from the Royal Tomb in Vergina
The gold chest or "larnax" containing male bones from the main chamber of the royal tomb known as "Tomb II" in Vergina. The chest is decorated with the royal “Vergina Sun” or “Star” symbol, which has been associated with the Argead dynasty...
Athens in the Hellenistic World
When we think about ancient Athens, it is almost always about the classical city. We think of such things as its numerous monuments (the Parthenon on the Acropolis for example), beautifying everywhere, the Agora swarming with people doing...
The Attalid Dynasty ruled an empire from their capital at Pergamon during the 3rd and 2nd century BCE. Fighting for their place in the turbulent world following the death of Alexander the Great, the Attalids briefly flourished with Pergamon...
Arsinoe II Philadelphus
Arsinoe II (l. c. 318/311 - c. 270/268 BCE), daughter of Ptolemy I became one of the most enduring figures of the Lagid or Ptolemaic Dynasty and left an undeniable mark in the historical evidence. She was married three times; first to Alexander...
King John of England & Philip II of France
An illumination from a 14th Century CE manuscript of the "Grandes Chroniques de France", depicting King John of England (r. 1199 - 1216 CE) paying homage to Philip II of France (r. 1180 - 1223 CE). Made in Paris, France c. 1332 - 1350...
Philip II of Spain by Moro
A 16th century CE portrait by Giacomo Antonio Moro of Philip II of Spain (r. 1556-1598 CE).
Philip VI Presiding Over the Lawsuit of Robert of Artois
A 14th century CE manuscript illustration showing Philip VI of France (r. 1328-1350 CE) presiding over the lawsuit of Robert III of Artois. (MS fr: 18437, National Library of France, Paris)
King Philip Meeting with Colonists
King Philip (Metacomet) of the Wampanoags, (1638-1676), meeting colonists, print by S. N. Wood, 1911. Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C.
Roman Coin of Philip the Arab
A Roman Antoninianus coin from the reign of Marcus Julius Philipus, otherwise known as Philip the Arab, r. 244-249 CE.