Roman Bust Attributed to Philip V of Macedon
A bust of a warrior, sometimes identified as Philip V of Macedon (238–179 BCE). Roman copy made c. 220 - 179 BCE, after a Pergamene original made c. 200 BCE. Found near the River Tiber, Rome. From the National Roman Museum -Palazzo Massimo...
Sacred Band of Thebes
The Sacred Band of Thebes was an elite unit of the Theban army comprised of 150 gay male couples totaling 300 men. They were formed under the leadership of Gorgidas but first achieved fame under the general Pelopidas. They remained invincible...
Death of King Philip or Metacom
An early 20th-century illustration showing the death of King Philip, aka Metacom (l. 1638-1676) who led a coalition of Native American tribes in King Philip’s War (aka Metacom’s War, 1675-1678) against English colonists.
The Plymouth Colony (1620-1691 CE) was the first English settlement in the region of modern-day New England in the United States, settled by the religious separatists known as the “pilgrims” who crossed the Atlantic Ocean on the...
The Army of Alexander the Great
No military commander in history has ever won a battle by himself. To be successful he needs the support of a well-trained army who will follow him regardless of the cost whether it be a stunning victory or hopeless defeat. One need only...
Perseus of Macedon
Perseus of Macedon (c. 212-166 BCE), silver tetradrachm. (Numismatics Museum, Athens)
Silver Tetradrachm of Demetrius I of Macedon
Silver tetradrachm from Macedonia, reign of Demetrius I of Macedon, 306-283 BCE. O: Nike blowing a trumpet on a ship's brow. R: Poseidon with trident. The coin was minted to commemorate Demetrius' victory over Ptolemy I at Salamis near Cyprus...
Demetrius I of Macedon
Marble portrait bust of Demetrius I of Macedon, also called Poliorcetes, "The Besieger" (336-283 BCE), Roman copy from the 1st century CE of a Greek original from the 3rd century BCE (Naples National Archaeological Museum).
Philip II, Macedonian Silver Tetradrachm
Macedonian silver tetradrachm from the reign of Philip II, 359-336 BCE. O: Head of Zeus. R: Horseman carrying a palm branch.
The Barracks Emperors
The “Barracks Emperors” is a term coined by later historians referring to the Roman emperors who were chosen and supported by the army during the period known as the Crisis of the Third Century (also known as the Imperial Crisis, 235-284...