The Wampanoag Confederacy was a coalition of over 30 Algonquian-speaking Native American tribes who lived in the region of modern-day New England, specifically from Rhode Island down through Massachusetts and parts of Connecticut. They are...
Lysimachus (c. 361-281 BCE) was one of Alexander the Great's trusted bodyguards and a member of his Companion Cavalry. Although he obtained Macedonian citizenship, his father was a Thessalian named Agathocles. After Alexander's death in...
Battle of Pydna
The Battle of Pydna in June 168 BCE was a decisive Roman victory that ended the Third Macedonian War and established Rome as the dominant power in the Mediterranean. The Roman Republic was expanding, enlarging its sphere of influence along...
Macedonia under Philip II
Map of the Kingdom of Macedon and its expansions at the death of Philip II in 336 BC. Based on R. Ginouvès et al., La Macédoine, Paris, 1992.
Philip II of Macedon's 339 BC Campaign
Map of Philip II of Macedon's campaign in Greece, 339 BC
King Philip (Metacom)
Philip, King of Mount Hope, line engraving depicting Metacom (also known as King Philip, l. 1638-1676), colored by hand, by the American engraver and silversmith Paul Revere, illustration from page 88 of The Entertaining History of King Philip's...
Alexander I the Philhellene
Alexander I of Macedon, also known as Alexander I the Philhellene ('friend of the Greeks') or 'The Wealthy', was king of ancient Macedon from around 498 to 454 BCE. He is known for the role he played in the second Persian invasion of Greece...
Philip V of Macedon, Palazzo Massimo
A marble portrait bust of Philip V of Macedon r. 220-179 BCE. A 2nd century CE Roman copy of a Greek original. (Palazzo Massimo, Rome)
The 1588 Spanish Armada was a fleet of 132 ships assembled by King Philip II of Spain (r. 1556-1598) to invade England, his 'Enterprise of England'. The Royal Navy of Elizabeth I of England (r. 1558-1603) met the Armada in the English Channel...
Family Tree of the Royal Dynasty of Macedon in the 4th Century BCE
Family tree of the Royal Dynasty of Macedon in the 4th Century BCE. From Unearthing the Family of Alexander the Great. Grant (2019) p76. Used with permission from Pen & Sword Books.