Athens in the Hellenistic World
When we think about ancient Athens, it is almost always about the classical city. We think of such things as its numerous monuments (the Parthenon on the Acropolis for example), beautifying everywhere, the Agora swarming with people doing...
Greek Larnax from the Royal Tomb in Vergina
The gold chest or "larnax" containing male bones from the main chamber of the royal tomb known as "Tomb II" in Vergina. The chest is decorated with the royal “Vergina Sun” or “Star” symbol, which has been associated with the Argead dynasty...
Philip the Arab (Facial Reconstruction)
A photorealistic reconstruction of what the Roman emperor Philip the Arab (r. 244-249 CE) may have looked like. Based on contemporary and near contemporary descriptions, as well as archaeological evidence. Pictured alongside the reconstruction...
John I of England Battling Philip II of France
An illumination from a 14th Century CE manuscript of the "Grandes Chroniques de France", depicting a battle between John I of England (r. 1199 - 1216 CE) and Philip II of France (r. 1180 - 1223 CE). Both kings are recognizable by their coats...
Philip II of Rome (Facial Reconstruction
A photorealistic reconstruction of what the Roman emperor Philip II (r. 247-249 CE) may have looked like. The young emperor was elevated to co-emperor by his father in 247 CE at the age of 10. Based on contemporary and near contemporary descriptions...
The Attalid Dynasty ruled an empire from their capital at Pergamon during the 3rd and 2nd century BCE. Fighting for their place in the turbulent world following the death of Alexander the Great, the Attalids briefly flourished with Pergamon...
Arsinoe II Philadelphus
Arsinoe II (l. c. 318/311 - c. 270/268 BCE), daughter of Ptolemy I became one of the most enduring figures of the Lagid or Ptolemaic Dynasty and left an undeniable mark in the historical evidence. She was married three times; first to Alexander...
Coin of Demetrius I of Macedon
Tetradrachm portraying Demetrius I of Macedon (ruled 294 – 288 BCE). On the reverse, Poseidon stands left, foot on rock, holding trident. The Greek inscription reads ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΔΗΜΗΤΡΙΟΥ "King Demetrius". (Archaeological Museum, Pella)
Philip II of Spain & Mary I of England
A 1558 CE painting by Hans Eworth showing Philip II of Spain (r. 1556-1598 CE) and Mary I of England (r. 1553-1558 CE) who were married from 1554 CE until Mary's death in 1558 CE. (Woburn Abbey Collection, England)
Roman Coin of Philip the Arab
A Roman Antoninianus coin from the reign of Marcus Julius Philipus, otherwise known as Philip the Arab, r. 244-249 CE.