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Second Intermediate Period of Egypt
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Second Intermediate Period of Egypt

The Second Intermediate Period (c. 1782 - c.1570 BCE) is the era following the Middle Kingdom of Egypt (2040-1782 BCE) and preceding the New Kingdom (1570-1069 BCE). As with all historical designations of the eras of Egyptian history, the...
Pharaoh Akhenaten, Cairo Museum
Imageby John Bodsworth

Pharaoh Akhenaten, Cairo Museum

A small bust of Akhenaten (r. 1353-1336 BCE) pharaoh of Egypt in the 18th Dynasty. (Cairo Museum)
Isis
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Isis

Isis is an ancient Egyptian goddess who became the most popular and enduring of all the Egyptian deities. Her name comes from the Egyptian Eset, ("the seat") which referred to her stability and also the throne of Egypt as she was considered...
Portrait of Pharaoh Akhenaten
Imageby Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Portrait of Pharaoh Akhenaten

Limestone fragment showing a portrait (in Amarna style) of the Egyptian pharaoh Akhenaten (r. 1353-1336 BCE) in profile, looking to the left. From Amarna, Egypt. New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, c. 1340 BCE. It is on display at the Neues Museum...
Amarna Period of Egypt
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Amarna Period of Egypt

The Amarna Period of ancient Egypt was the era of the reign of Akhenaten (1353-1336 BCE), known as 'the heretic king'. In the 5th year of his reign (c. 1348 BCE), he issued sweeping religious reforms which resulted in the suppression of the...
Egyptian Pharaoh Relief from the 12th Dynasty
Imageby Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Egyptian Pharaoh Relief from the 12th Dynasty

This limestone fragment depicts an Egyptian pharaoh. He wears the "white crown," menat and collar, and heb-sed robe. From Koptos (Qift), Egypt. 12th Dynasty, 1991–1778 BCE. The Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology, London (With thanks to...
Pharaoh Amenhotep III
Imageby Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Pharaoh Amenhotep III

This is a quartzite head of the Egyptian pharaoh Amenhotep III; the king wears the red crown of Lower Egypt. This style is very typical of the sculpture of Amenhotep III, especially in the depiction of the eyes. It also foreshadows the artistic...
Statue of Alexander the Great as Pharaoh
Imageby Carole Raddato

Statue of Alexander the Great as Pharaoh

Granite statue of Alexander the Great as Pharaoh, Greco-Egyptian, c. 300 BCE. (Liebieghaus museum, Frankfurt am Main)
Amarna
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Amarna

Amarna is the modern Arabic name for the site of the ancient Egyptian city of Akhetaten, capital of the country under the reign of Akhenaten (1353-1336 BCE). The site is officially known as Tell el-Amarna, so-named for the Beni Amran tribe...
Grave Goods in Ancient Egypt
Articleby Joshua J. Mark

Grave Goods in Ancient Egypt

The concept of the afterlife changed in different eras of Egypt's very long history, but for the most part, it was imagined as a paradise where one lived eternally. To the Egyptians, their country was the most perfect place which had been...