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Detail of the Screen Slab of King Nectanebo I
Imageby Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Detail of the Screen Slab of King Nectanebo I

This detail shows the cobra goddess Wadjyt empowering king Nectanebo I, who is represented by his Horus name and cartouches. A pharaoh had five official names; this panel, shows the most important three. The Horus name identifies the king...
Ramesses II Statue
Imageby Jan van der Crabben

Ramesses II Statue

Upper part of a seated granite statue of Ramesses II of Egypt (c. 1270 BCE). It was found in the pharaoh's mortuary temple in the Ramesseum in western Thebes. The granite is naturally two-coloured: The darker bottom colour was deliberately...
Egyptian King-list
Imageby Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Egyptian King-list

Monumental lists of past kings expressed the living ruler's legitimacy. Originally, Ramesses II was shown on the far right, honoring previous kings and the god Osiris. The kings were represented by their throne names, written inside oval...
King-list of Egypt, Detail of the 18th Dynasty
Imageby Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

King-list of Egypt, Detail of the 18th Dynasty

A pharaoh was known primarily by his throne name. This was traditionally a statement about his divine father, the sun-god Ra, so all cartouches with throne names display a sun-god at the top. A king's birth name was the only name he had already...
An Introduction to the Ancient Egyptian Civilization
Videoby Ancient History Encyclopedia

An Introduction to the Ancient Egyptian Civilization

This Introduction to the Ancient Egyptian Civilization is a compact guide to the main time periods, events and pharaohs of Ancient Egypt. Narrated by DW Draffin, learn all about the beginnings of the Old Kingdom of Egypt with the first pharaoh...
Pharaoh, Book of the Dead
Imageby Mark Cartwright

Pharaoh, Book of the Dead

A detail from the Book of the Dead of Tayesnakht from Thebes, Ptolemaic Period, 332-30 BCE. (Egyptian Museum, Turin)
Cambyses II
Definitionby Daan Nijssen

Cambyses II

Cambyses II (r. 530-522 BCE) was the second king of the Achaemenid Empire. The Greek historian Herodotus portrays Cambyses as a mad king who committed many acts of sacrilege during his stay in Egypt, including the slaying of the sacred Apis...
Government in Ancient Egypt
Quizby Patrick Goodman

Government in Ancient Egypt

Akhenaten Amarna Avaris Dynasty Empire Expedition Heresy Hyksos Kadesh Khafre Khufu Memphis Menkaure Mentuhotep II Nomarch Nome Pharaoh Predecessor Pyramid Ramesses II Reunification Successor Thebes Vizier
Amenemhet I Tomb Relief
Imageby John Campana

Amenemhet I Tomb Relief

A relief from the tomb of Pharaoh Amenemhet I, El-Lisht, 12th Dynasty. (Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York)
Merenptah
Imageby Mark Cartwright

Merenptah

A diorite sculpture of pharoah Merenptah as the Divine Father and Priest of Bastet. Memphis, Dynasty XXV, 720-700 BCE. (Egytpian Museum, Turin)
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