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Olmec Colossal Stone Heads
Articleby Mark Cartwright

Olmec Colossal Stone Heads

The stone head sculptures of the Olmec civilization of the Gulf Coast of Mexico (1200 BCE - 400 BCE) are amongst the most mysterious and debated artefacts from the ancient world. The most agreed upon theory is that, because of their unique...
The Tizoc Stone
Articleby Mark Cartwright

The Tizoc Stone

The Tizoc Stone is a huge stone cylinder from the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan which depicts a sun-disk on its flat upper surface and carries a frieze around its outer edge showing Aztec warriors and the Aztec king Tizoc, whose reign from...
The Art of Mesoamerica
Book Reviewby Mark Cartwright

The Art of Mesoamerica

Another wonderfully informative book from the World of Art series. This one makes a marvelous introduction to Mesoamerica as not only does it cover the fascinating and utterly distinctive art of civilizations such as the Maya, Aztecs and...
Quetzalcoatl
Imageby Marcelosan

Quetzalcoatl

An architectural sculpture from Teotihuacan of Quetzalcoatl, the Plumed-Serpent god of Mesoamerican religion and mythology. He was regarded as a creator god and a god of wind by such civilizations as the Maya and Aztecs.
K'inich Yax K'uk Mo
Imageby Charles Tilford

K'inich Yax K'uk Mo

An incense burner thought to depict K'inich Yax K'uk Mo, the first Maya ruler of Copan. (Archaeological Museum of Copan, Honduras)
Maya Noble Relief from Tabasco
Imageby James Blake Wiener

Maya Noble Relief from Tabasco

This Maya relief depicting a nobleman is made from chalkstone, and it comes from what is present-day Tabasco, Mexico. It dates from the Late Classic Period around the year 780 CE. (Museum Rietberg, Zürich).
Chocolate Beaker
Imageby Mary Harsch (photographed at the de Young Museum of Fine Arts)

Chocolate Beaker

Vase for pouring chocolate, earthenware, Belize, Late Classic Maya, Altun-Ha style. (De Young Museum of Fine Arts, San Francisco)
Ball Court Wall & Goal, Chichen Itza
Imageby Luis Miguel Bugallo Sánchez

Ball Court Wall & Goal, Chichen Itza

One of the walls and goals of the ball court in the Maya-Toltec city of Chichen Itza. 1050-1200 CE.
Gold in Antiquity
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Gold in Antiquity

Gold, chemical symbol Au (from the Latin aurum meaning 'shining dawn'), is a precious metal which has been used since antiquity in the production of jewellery, coinage, sculpture, vessels and as a decoration for buildings, monuments and statues...
Muisca Civilization
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Muisca Civilization

The Muisca (or Chibcha) civilization flourished in ancient Colombia between 600 and 1600 CE. Their territory encompassed what is now Bogotá and its environs and they have gained lasting fame as the origin of the El Dorado legend. The...