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Olmec Colossal Stone Heads
Articleby Mark Cartwright

Olmec Colossal Stone Heads

The stone head sculptures of the Olmec civilization of the Gulf Coast of Mexico (1200 BCE - 400 BCE) are amongst the most mysterious and debated artefacts from the ancient world. The most agreed upon theory is that, because of their unique...
Cibola - The Seven Cities of Gold & Coronado
Articleby Joshua J. Mark

Cibola - The Seven Cities of Gold & Coronado

The Seven Cities of Cibola are the mythical lands of gold that the Spanish of the 16th century believed existed somewhere in the southwest of North America, comparable to the better-known mythical city of El Dorado. No sites matching the...
The Ball Game of Mesoamerica
Articleby Mark Cartwright

The Ball Game of Mesoamerica

The sport known simply as the Ball Game was played by all the major Mesoamerican civilizations and the impressive stone courts became a feature of many cities. More than just a game, it could have a religious significance and featured in...
Aztec Civilization
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Aztec Civilization

The Aztec Empire (c. 1345-1521) covered at its greatest extent most of northern Mesoamerica. Aztec warriors were able to dominate their neighbouring states and permit rulers such as Montezuma to impose Aztec ideals and religion across Mexico...
Manila Galleon
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Manila Galleon

The Manila galleons were Spanish treasure ships which transported precious goods like silk, spices, and porcelain from Manila in the Philippines to Acapulco, Mexico, between 1565 and 1815. The Atlantic treasure fleets then shipped some of...
Colima Dog with Maize
Imageby Ziko van Dijk

Colima Dog with Maize

Statue of a dog holding a cob of maize (corn) in its mouth. c. 100 BCE-300 CE. Associated with the Comala people. From Colima, Mexico. Collection of the National Museum of Anthropology, Mexico City.
Pottery Bowl from Casas Grandes (Paquimé), Mexico
Imageby James Blake Wiener

Pottery Bowl from Casas Grandes (Paquimé), Mexico

This pottery bowl comes from Casas Grandes (also known as "Paquimé"), which is located in what's present-day Chihuahua, Mexico. It is made from clay and dates to c. 1250-1400 CE. Casas Grandes was one of the largest and most complex culture...
Casas Grandes, Mexico
Imageby Matt Peeples

Casas Grandes, Mexico

Ruined house, Casas Grandes or Paquimé, a major pre-Columbian city that flourished due to its extensive trading networks between c. 1150/1200-1450 CE in the northwest of present-day Chihuahua, Mexico.
Sculpture of Xolotl, Mexico City
Imageby Arienne King

Sculpture of Xolotl, Mexico City

Head of the Aztec god Xolotl. Collection of National Anthropological Museum, Mexico City.
Maya Stele in Grand Plaza Chacchoben, Mexico
Imageby Betsy Mark

Maya Stele in Grand Plaza Chacchoben, Mexico

Weathered and broken stele in the Grand Plaza of the Maya city of Chacchoben, Mexico, c. 700 CE. It rests at the foot of the stairs leading up to the Gran Basamento plateau where religious rituals were held.
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