Comparing Two Ancient Civilisations: Ancient Egypt vs. Mesopotamia
In this video, we are comparing Ancient Egypt vs. Mesopotamia in all sorts of different aspects. We will be looking at the similarities and differences between the geography of the two regions, the phenomena of the flooding Nile vs. the flooding...
Pets in the Ancient Mediterranean
The history of mankind is interwoven with the domestication of animals. Dogs may have been domesticated in prehistoric Europe perhaps as long as 36,000 years ago. The first cats are thought to have been domesticated in Egypt, while the invention...
Written Language in Mesopotamia
This video describes the intricate system of writing in cuneiform script, the first written composition ("The Epic of Gilgamesh"), and the role of scribes in Mesopotamia. Courtesy of Discovery Education
Mesopotamian Effects on Israel During the Iron Age
The Iron Age in the traditional Ancient Near Eastern chronology ranges from somewhere around 1200 BCE to 333 BCE. It begins from the era when it was first thought iron came to be used up to the ascendency of Alexander the Great as the major...
A Gift from King Shulgi: A Pair of Gold Earrings
Gold is a treasure, and he who possesses it does all he wishes to in this world, and succeeds in helping souls into paradise. Christopher Columbus. On June 22, 2005, the Sulaymaniyah Museum of Iraqi Kurdistan purchased a pair...
The Ludlul-Bel-Nimeqi - Not Merely a Babylonian Job
The Ludlul-Bel-Nimeqi is a Babylonian poem which chronicles the lament of a good man suffering undeservedly. Also known as `The Poem of the Righteous Sufferer', the title translates as "I will praise the Lord of Wisdom". In the...
Ishtar (Inanna in Sumerian sources) is a primary Mesopotamian goddess closely associated with love and war. This powerful Mesopotamian goddess is the first known deity for which we have written evidence. While largely unknown in the modern...
Map of Lugalzagesi's Domains
A map of the Kingdom of king Lugalzagesi of Umma, circa 2350 BC.
The Iraq Museum: A Brightness in the Darkness
For whom have I labored? For whom have I journeyed? For whom have I suffered? I have gained absolutely nothing for myself, I have only profited the snake, the ground lion! The Epic of Gilgamesh, Tablet XI This is how...
Syria is a country located in the Middle East on the shore of the Mediterranean Sea and bordered, from the north down to the west, by Turkey, Iraq, Jordan, Israel, and Lebanon. It is one of the oldest inhabited regions in the world with archaeological...