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Marcus Annaeus Lucanus
Definitionby Elaine Sanderson

Marcus Annaeus Lucanus

Marcus Annaeus Lucanus (39-65 CE), grandson of Seneca the Elder and nephew of Seneca the Younger, was a Roman statesman and Latin poet. Born in Corduba, he came to Rome as an infant and later held the positions of quaestor and augur. Lucan's...
Marcus Annaeus Lucanus
Imageby Cruccone

Marcus Annaeus Lucanus

Marcus Annaeus Lucanus, grandson of Seneca the Elder and nephew of Seneca the Younger, was a Roman statesman and Latin poet. Lucan was honoured with a prize at the first Neronian Games in 60 CE for a poem praising Nero and was known for the...
Roman Literature
Definitionby Donald L. Wasson

Roman Literature

The Roman Empire and its predecessor the Roman Republic produced an abundance of celebrated literature; poetry, comedies, dramas, histories, and philosophical tracts; the Romans avoided tragedies. Much of it survives to this day. However...
Pompey
Definitionby James Lloyd

Pompey

Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus, also known as Pompey or Pompey the Great, was a military leader and politician during the fall of the Roman Republic. He was born in 106 BCE and died on 28th September 48 BCE. His father was Gnaeus Pompeius Strabo...
Roman Republic
Definitionby Donald L. Wasson

Roman Republic

In the late 6th century BCE, the small city-state of Rome overthrew the shackles of monarchy and created a republican government that, in theory if not always in practice, represented the wishes of its citizens. From this basis the city would...
Julius Caesar
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Julius Caesar

Gaius Julius Caesar was born 12 July 100 BCE (though some cite 102 as his birth year). His father, also Gaius Julius Caesar, was a Praetor who governed the province of Asia and his mother, Aurelia Cotta, was of noble birth. Both held to the...
Bust of Marcus Annaeus Lucanus
Imageby Cruccone

Bust of Marcus Annaeus Lucanus

Bust of the Roman poet Marcus Annaeus Lucanus (CE 39-65). Grandson of Seneca the Elder and nephew of Seneca the Younger, was a Roman statesman and Latin poet. The sculpture can be found in his birthplace, Corduba (modern day Córdoba, Spain...
The Battle of Pharsalus
Articleby Mark Cartwright

The Battle of Pharsalus

Pharsalus, in eastern Greece, was the site of a decisive battle in 48 BCE between two of Rome's greatest ever generals: Pompey the Great and Julius Caesar. After several previous encounters, Pharsalus, the biggest ever battle between Romans...
Marcus Aurelius: Philosopher Emperor or Philosopher-King?
Articleby Steven Umbrello

Marcus Aurelius: Philosopher Emperor or Philosopher-King?

Co-authored by Steven Umbrello and Tina Forsee It is very common to hear in both academic circles, as well as more close-knit Stoic circles, Marcus Aurelius (121 – 180 CE) being referred to as the philosopher king. This is not...
Marcus Aurelius
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Marcus Aurelius

Marcus Aurelius reigned as Roman emperor from 161 to 180 CE and is best known as the last of the Five Good Emperors of Rome (following Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, and Antoninus Pius) and as the author of the philosophical work Meditations. He...