Search Results: Kingdom of Jerusalem

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The Twelve Tribes of Israel
Articleby Rebecca Denova

The Twelve Tribes of Israel

The Twelve Tribes of Israel refer to the sons of the Jewish Patriarch Jacob and are important for the tribal lineages of those who constituted the nation of Israel. In the ancient world, all ethnic groups developed stories of their ancestors...
Great Female Rulers of Ancient Egypt
Articleby Joshua J. Mark

Great Female Rulers of Ancient Egypt

Women in ancient Egypt had more rights than in any other ancient culture and were valued with greater respect. This is evident not only in the physical evidence and inscriptions but in their religion. Some of the most powerful and important...
Edessa
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Edessa

Edessa (modern Urfa), located today in south-east Turkey but once part of upper Mesopotamia on the frontier of the Syrian desert, was an important city throughout antiquity and the Middle Ages. A city within the Seleucid Empire, then capital...
Ancient Egyptian Art
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Ancient Egyptian Art

The artworks of ancient Egypt have fascinated people for thousands of years. The early Greek and later Roman artists were influenced by Egyptian techniques and their art would inspire those of other cultures up to the present day. Many artists...
The Report of Wenamun & the Perils of Living in the Past
Articleby Joshua J. Mark

The Report of Wenamun & the Perils of Living in the Past

The Report of Wenamun (also known as The Tale of Wenamun or The Report of Wenamon) is an Egyptian literary work dated to c. 1090-1075 BCE toward the end of the New Kingdom (c.1570 - c. 1069 BCE). The piece was originally interpreted as an...
Hatshepsut
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Hatshepsut

Hatshepsut (r. 1479-1458 BCE) was the first female ruler of ancient Egypt to reign as a male with the full authority of pharaoh. Her name means "Foremost of Noble Women" or "She is First Among Noble Women". She began her reign as regent to...
Flavius Josephus
Definitionby Rebecca Denova

Flavius Josephus

Titus Flavius Josephus (36-100 CE), was born Yosef ben Matityahu and became a 1st-century CE Jewish historian. He was a member of a priestly household in Jerusalem through his father’s side (the house and order of Jehoiarib), and his mother...
Jerusalem Recaptured by Saladin
Imageby Jan Luyken

Jerusalem Recaptured by Saladin

This print from 1683 CE depicts the recapture of Jerusalem in 1187 CE by Saladin (r. 1174-1193 CE) . Etching on paper. Measures 169 mm x 292 mm. (Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam)
Rollo of Normandy
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Rollo of Normandy

Rollo (l. c.860-c.930 CE, r. 911-927 CE) was a Viking chieftain who became the founder and first ruler of the region of Normandy. He converted to Christianity as part of a deal with the Frankish king Charles the Simple (893-923 CE) in 911...
The Island Kingdom of Aegina: The Old Gods Still Whisper Their Truths
Articleby Joshua J. Mark

The Island Kingdom of Aegina: The Old Gods Still Whisper Their Truths

Today, traveling an hour by ferry from Piraeus, the port of Athens, the first remnant of Aegina's great past a visitor will see is the lonely pillar of Apollo rising from the trees on the hill of Kolona. Once a splendid complex of three buildings...
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