Dome Of The Rock
Dome of the Rock, situated in Jerusalem, is the third holiest site for Muslims. It is situated atop the Temple Mount, from which, according to Islamic tradition, Prophet Muhammad (PBUH; l. 570-632 CE) ascended to heaven.
King Louis IX Carrying the Crown of Thorns
Created in Tours, France, sometime between 1245-1248 CE, this stained glass panel depicts King Louis IX (r. 1226-1270 CE) carrying the crown of thorns. Measures 55 x 35 cm. (Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York)
Crac des Chevaliers and Qal'at Salah El-Din (UNESCO/NHK)
These two castles represent the most significant examples illustrating the exchange of influences and documenting the evolution of fortified architecture in the Near East during the time of the Crusades (11th - 13th centuries A.D.). They're...
Map of the First Crusade Routes
"This map shows the main routes taken by those who joined the First Crusade. The appeal was made by Pope Urban II in November 1095 CE but crusaders did not set out until the following summer. One route went through Hungary crossing the Byzantine...
Urban II at the Council of Clermont
A 15th century CE illustration by Jean Colombe of the Council of Clermont of November 1095 CE where Pope Urban II (r. 1088-1099 CE) famously called for the First Crusade (1095-1102 CE). (National Library, Paris)
Robert of Normandy at the Siege of Antioch
A 19th century CE painting by Jean-Joseph Dassy of Robert of Normandy at the Siege of Antioch, 1097-8 CE during the First Crusade (1095-1102 CE).
Raymond IV of Toulouse
A 19th century CE illustration of Raymond IV of Toulouse (c. 1041-1105 CE), one of the principal leaders of the First Crusade (1095-1202 CE). (Palace of Versailles, Paris)
Battle of the Field of Blood (1119 CE)
Artists impression of the Battle of the Field of Blood (1119 CE) by Marek Szyszko. Copyright, republished with permission from Medieval Warfare Magazine / Karwansaray Publishers.
Pope Urban II
A statue of Pope Urban II (r. 1088-1099 CE) who called for the First Crusade (1095-1202 CE). Clermont-Ferrand, France.
Thessaly and the Duchy of Neopatras
Thessaly was an independent state in medieval Greece from 1267 or 1268 to 1394 CE, first as the Greek-ruled Thessaly and later as the Catalan and Latin-ruled Duchy of Neopatras. Under its sebastokrators, Thessaly was a thorn in the side of...