Inscribed Block from the Temple of Jerusalem
This is one of two pieces of identical stones, which survived from the destruction of the Jerusalem Temple by the Roman Emperor Titus in 70 CE. It was set at the gate leading to the inner court, and the inscription reads (in Greek) "No alien...
Holy Roman Empire
The Holy Roman Empire officially lasted from 962 to 1806. It was one of Europe’s largest medieval and early modern states, but its power base was unstable and continually shifting. The Holy Roman Empire was not a unitary state, but a confederation...
The Battle of Hattin, 1187 CE
An illustration from the 13th century CE Chronica majora by Michael Paris showing a scene from the Battle of Hattin in 1187 CE. On the left is the Muslim leader Saladin who faces and takes from King Guy of Jerusalem the True Cross. (Corpus...
Solomon's Temple, Jerusalem
An artist's impression of what Solomon's temple at Jerusalem may have looked like. Built by Phoenician architects it is described in I Kings Ch. 6-7 of the Bible and was typical of temples of the region at that time in the 10th century BCE.
Western Wall in Jerusalem
The Western Wall in Jerusalem has been the center of Jewish learning and memory for over 2,000 years. As the only fragment of the Great Temple to survive the Roman destruction in 68 CE, the wall is omnipresent in the historical Jewish consciousness...
Star of David on the Walls of Jerusalem
The star is located near the New Gate on the northern part of the walls of Jerusalem.
Old City of Jerusalem, Reconstructed
A modern reconstruction of the Old City of Jerusalem, as it would have appeared in the late 1st Century BCE. Located in Israel.
The Capture of Jerusalem Panel of the Franks Casket
This is the back panel of the Franks/Auzon Casket. This panel depicts the capture of the city of Jerusalem in 70 CE by the Roman general (later Emperor) Titus. The inscription on this panel appears as a mixture of Old English, Latin, runes...
Old City, Jerusalem
Map of the Old City of Jerusalem.
Reconstructed section of the Cardo Maximus of Aelia Capitolina (Jerusalem)
Reconstructed southern section of the Cardo Maximus of Jerusalem. Paved and lined with columns, the Cardo Maximus was the main road that ran through the Roman and Byzantine city and also served as the center for the local economy. This portion...