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Tukulti-Ninurta I
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Tukulti-Ninurta I

Tukulti-Ninurta I (reigned 1244-1208 BCE) was a king of the Assyrian Empire during the period known as the Middle Empire. He was the son of Shalmaneser I (reigned 1274-1245 BCE) who had completed the work of his father, Adad Nirari I, in...
Assyrian reliefs
Articleby Trustees of the British Museum

Assyrian reliefs

Mostly dating from the period 880-612 BCE, these carved scenes are found on free-standing stelae and as panels cut on cliffs and rocks at distant places reached by the Assyrian kings during their campaigns. The most spectacular use of stone...
History of Assyria
Articleby Jan van der Crabben

History of Assyria

The foundation of the Assyrian dynasty can be traced to Zulilu, who is said to have lived after Bel-kap-kapu (c. 1900 BCE), the ancestor of Shalmaneser I. The city-state of Ashur rose to prominence in northern Mesopotamia, founding trade...
Neo-Assyrian Empire
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Neo-Assyrian Empire

The Neo-Assyrian Empire (912-612 BCE) was, according to many historians, the first true empire in the world. The Assyrians had expanded their territory from the city of Ashur over the centuries, and their fortunes rose and fell with successive...
Assyrian Warfare
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Assyrian Warfare

Assyria began as a small trading community centered at the ancient city of Ashur and grew to become the greatest empire in the ancient world prior to the conquests of Alexander the Great and, after him, the Roman Empire. While the Assyrians'...
Ashurbanipal
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Ashurbanipal

Ashurbanipal (668-627 BCE, also known as Assurbanipal) was the last of the great kings of Assyria. His name means "the god Ashur is creator of an heir" and he was the son of King Esarhaddon of the Neo-Assyrian Empire. In the Hebrew...
Dogs & Their Collars in Ancient Mesopotamia
Articleby Joshua J. Mark

Dogs & Their Collars in Ancient Mesopotamia

Among the many contributions to world culture credited to Mesopotamia is an object so familiar to people in the modern world that few pause to consider its origin: the dog collar. Throughout the ancient world, from China to Rome, dogs are...
Ashurnasirpal II Prays Before the Sacred Tree and the God Shamash
Imageby Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Ashurnasirpal II Prays Before the Sacred Tree and the God Shamash

The Assyrian king appears to raise his right hand and point his right index finger in a gesture of worship. He holds a mace, the symbol of authority. The Sacred Tree (which is probably a palm tree) lies at the middle of the relief. The king...
Standard Inscription of king Ashurnasirpal II
Imageby Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Standard Inscription of king Ashurnasirpal II

A close-up image of the "Standard Inscription" of the Assyrian King Ashurnasirpal II. This is part of a wall relief that depicts an Apkallu (a protective spirit or sage). The Apkallu's left hand wears a bracelet with a "rosette" and holds...
Ashurnasirpal II hunts lions
Imageby Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Ashurnasirpal II hunts lions

In this wall relief, the Assyrian King Ashurnasirpal II stands in a royal chariot and hunts lions. Neo-Assyrian era, 865-860 BCE. From Room B (the throne room), North-West palace at Nimrud (ancient Kalhu; Biblical Calah), northern Mesopotamia...
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