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The Crucifixion by David
Imageby Metropolitan Museum of Art

The Crucifixion by David

The Crucifixion by Gerard David, c. 1495 CE.
The Crucifixion by Lorenzetti
Imageby Metropolitan Museum of Art

The Crucifixion by Lorenzetti

The Crucifixion by Pietro Lorenzetti, 1340s CE. Metropolitan Museum of Art Purchase, Lila Acheson Wallace Gift and Gwynne Andrews Fund, 2002 CE
Piero della Francesca
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Piero della Francesca

Piero della Francesca (c. 1420-1492 CE) was an Italian Renaissance artist whose paintings and frescoes are characterised by their solid figures, bright colours, and harmonious composition. His masterpieces include the painted panel the Flagellation...
Galatia
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Galatia

Galatia was a region in north-central Anatolia (modern-day Turkey) settled by the Celtic Gauls c. 278-277 BCE. The name comes from the Greek for “Gaul” which was repeated by Latin writers as Galli. The Celts were offered the region by the...
Chartres Cathedral
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Chartres Cathedral

The Notre Dame Cathedral (Cathedral of Our Lady of the Assumption) of Chartres in northern France was built in its current Romanesque and Gothic form between 1190 and 1220. A grander version of earlier cathedrals on the same site, it attracted...
Ptolemy's Letter to Flora
Articleby John S. Knox

Ptolemy's Letter to Flora

Although many Christians, theologians, and denominations have advocated for the idea that all biblical texts within the canon are one in spirit, authority, and ultimate authorship, not every reader of the Bible has come to the same conclusion...
Valentine's Day
Definitionby Syed Muhammad Khan

Valentine's Day

Saint Valentine’s Day, or simply Valentine’s Day, is celebrated on the 14th of February, almost internationally but primarily in western societies. It is a commemorative Christian feast for some but a secular occasion for others who see it...
Martin Luther's 95 Theses
Articleby Joshua J. Mark

Martin Luther's 95 Theses

Martin Luther's 95 Theses of 31 October 1517, although they have since come to represent the beginning of the Protestant Reformation, were not written to challenge the authority of the Roman Catholic Church but were simply an invitation to...
Mithra
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Mithra

Mithra is the Persian god of the rising sun, contracts, covenants, and friendship. He also oversaw the orderly change of the seasons, maintained cosmic order, and was responsible for bestowing divine grace on kings, legitimizing their rule...
Bohemian Reformation
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Bohemian Reformation

The Bohemian Reformation (c. 1380 to c. 1436) was the first concerted effort by Catholic clergy to reform the abuses and corruption of the medieval Church. Bohemian clerics and theologians called for reform and, like later advocates, initially...
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