Model of Herod's Renovation of the Temple of Jerusalem
A model of the lavish renovation of the Temple of Jerusalem carried out by Herod the Great in the second half of the 1st century BCE. (Israel Museum, Jerusalem)
Old City of Jerusalem, Reconstructed
A modern reconstruction of the Old City of Jerusalem, as it would have appeared in the late 1st Century BCE. Located in Israel.
Holy Sites of Jerusalem
Three of the holy sites of Jerusalem. Top: The Church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem. Completed in July 1149 CE which replaced a smaller version on the site considered to be the place of Jesus Christ’s crucifixion and the tomb in which...
The Fifth Crusade (1217-1221 CE) was called by Pope Innocent III (r. 1198-1216 CE) with the objective, like previous crusades, of recapturing Jerusalem from Muslim control; only this time the strategy was to weaken the enemy by first attacking...
Council of Clermont
The Council of Clermont in central France was held in November 1095 and witnessed Pope Urban II's (r. 1088-1099) historic call for the First Crusade (1095-1102) to capture Jerusalem for Christendom from its Muslim occupiers. The Pope's speech...
The Siloam Inscription from Jerusalem
"During the reign of King Hezekiah of Juda (c. 725-697 BCE), the Assyrians completed the conquest of Israel, and the city of Juda was left as the only surviving independent state in the region. To ensure that the capital would not suffer...
Church of St. Anne, Jerusalem
The Church of Saint Anne in Jerusalem, a rare surviving Crusader church from the 12th century CE. Built c. 1140 CE when Jerusalem was the capital of the Kingdom of Jerusalem, one of the Crusader States.
Western Wall in Jerusalem
The Western Wall in Jerusalem has been the center of Jewish learning and memory for over 2,000 years. As the only fragment of the Great Temple to survive the Roman destruction in 68 CE, the wall is omnipresent in the historical Jewish consciousness...
Inscribed Block from the Temple of Jerusalem
This is one of two pieces of identical stones, which survived from the destruction of the Jerusalem Temple by the Roman Emperor Titus in 70 CE. It was set at the gate leading to the inner court, and the inscription reads (in Greek) "No alien...
Star of David on the Walls of Jerusalem
The star is located near the New Gate on the northern part of the walls of Jerusalem.