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Ten Great Persian Poets
Articleby Joshua J. Mark

Ten Great Persian Poets

Persian literature derives from a long oral tradition of poetic storytelling. The first recorded example of this tradition is the Behistun Inscription of Darius I (the Great, r. 522-486 BCE), carved on a cliff-face c. 522 BCE during the period...
Ancient Israelite Art
Definitionby William Brown

Ancient Israelite Art

Ancient Israelite art traditions are evident especially on stamps seals, ivories from Samaria, and carvings, each with motifs connecting it to more general artistic traditions throughout the Levant. Ancient Israel, and therefore its art...
Battle of Karbala
Articleby Syed Muhammad Khan

Battle of Karbala

The Battle of Karbala (10 October 680 CE) was a small-scaled military engagement, fought near the river Euphrates, in modern-day Iraq, which saw the massacre of heavily outnumbered Alid troops under the command of Husayn ibn Ali (l. 626-680...
Tel Kabri
Definitionby Henry Curtis Pelgrift

Tel Kabri

Tel Kabri is an archaeological site in the Western Galilee in northwestern Israel and the location of one of the largest palaces in Canaan in the Middle Bronze Age or "MB" (c. 2,000–1,500 BCE), the period in which Tel Kabri...
The Daily Life of Medieval Monks
Articleby Mark Cartwright

The Daily Life of Medieval Monks

Life for monks in a medieval monastery, just like in any profession or calling, had its pros and cons. While they were expected to live simply with few possessions, attend services at all hours of the day and night, and perhaps even take...
The Differences Between Byzantine & Armenian Christianity
Articleby Michael Goodyear

The Differences Between Byzantine & Armenian Christianity

Although both the Byzantines and the Armenians were Christian, the types of Christianity they professed had important differences that led to a lack of recognition and tensions between the two groups and a considerable part of their relationship...
Byzantine Monasticism
Articleby Mark Cartwright

Byzantine Monasticism

Monasticism, that is individuals devoting themselves to an ascetic life in a monastery for devotional purposes, was an ever-present feature of the Byzantine empire. Monasteries became powerful landowners and a voice to be listened to in imperial...
Gregory the Great & His Pastoral Care
Articleby John S. Knox

Gregory the Great & His Pastoral Care

One of the most influential and important Christian leaders during the Early Medieval Period was Pope Gregory the Great (540–604 CE). Renown for his administrative prowess and ecclesiastical reforms during a time of "obscurantism...
King Solomon in his Palace
Imageby Mohawk Games

King Solomon in his Palace

Artist's depiction of king Solomon in his palace.
Alexander to Constantine: Archaeology of the Land of the Bible, Volume III
Book Reviewby Eric M. Meyers

Alexander to Constantine: Archaeology of the Land of the Bible, Volume III

Eric M. Meyers, biblical scholar and archaeologist at Duke University, and Mark A. Chancey, Professor of Religious Studies at Southern Methodist University, worked together to publish a third volume of a series on biblical archaeology. The...
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