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Bronze statue of Hadrian
Imageby Carole Raddato

Bronze statue of Hadrian

Bronze statue of Hadrian, found at the Camp of the Sixth Roman Legion in Tel Shalem (Israel). It was found by chance by an American tourist in 1975 while searching for ancient coins with a metal detector. Tel Shalem was once occupied by a...
Sprinkler Pottery Figurine from Tabqa-Euphrates Area
Imageby Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Sprinkler Pottery Figurine from Tabqa-Euphrates Area

During the late 3rd millennium BCE, the area of the middle Euphrates developed a distinctive regional culture. Between 1963-1973 CE, an international rescue mission excavated a large number of sites in this region which were threatened by...
Frederick II & Al-Kamil
Imageby Unknown Artist

Frederick II & Al-Kamil

A 14th century CE manuscript illustration depicting Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor (r. 1220-1250 CE), and the Sultan of Egypt and Syria al-Kamil (r. 1218-1238 CE) who negotiated the handing over of Jerusalem to Christian rule during the...
On the Path of Early Christianity in Marseille
Articleby Mathilde Montpetit

On the Path of Early Christianity in Marseille

Today, Marseille is known more for its modern history – World War II, North African immigration, and, of course, the rousing choruses of France's national anthem, La Marseillaise. Yet it is also one of France's most ancient cities...
Tallit
Definitionby P. Joseph D.

Tallit

The tallit is a garment worn by those of Jewish faith as a symbol of communal solidarity and devotion to their god. The foundation for modern Jewish socio-religious concepts is the Tanakh, or Hebrew bible which is also the Christian Old Testament...
The Spread of Islam in Ancient Africa
Articleby Mark Cartwright

The Spread of Islam in Ancient Africa

Following the conquest of North Africa by Muslim Arabs in the 7th century CE, Islam spread throughout West Africa via merchants, traders, scholars, and missionaries, that is largely through peaceful means whereby African rulers either tolerated...
Religious Responses to the Black Death
Articleby Joshua J. Mark

Religious Responses to the Black Death

The Black Death of 1347-1352 CE is the most infamous plague outbreak of the medieval world, unprecedented and unequaled until the 1918-1919 CE flu pandemic in the modern age. The cause of the plague was unknown and, in accordance with the...
Islamic Depiction of Cain and Abel
Imageby Unknown Artist

Islamic Depiction of Cain and Abel

Cain burying his brother Abel, illustration from an Islamic illuminated manuscript of the Stories of the Prophets, 11th century CE. Cain and Abel were sons of the first humans Adam and Eve in the biblical Book of Genesis. Cain was a farmer...
Ten Great Persian Poets
Articleby Joshua J. Mark

Ten Great Persian Poets

Persian literature derives from a long oral tradition of poetic storytelling. The first recorded example of this tradition is the Behistun Inscription of Darius I (the Great, r. 522-486 BCE), carved on a cliff-face c. 522 BCE during the period...
Battle of Karbala
Articleby Syed Muhammad Khan

Battle of Karbala

The Battle of Karbala (10 October 680 CE) was a small-scaled military engagement, fought near the river Euphrates, in modern-day Iraq, which saw the massacre of heavily outnumbered Alid troops under the command of Husayn ibn Ali (l. 626-680...
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