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The Assassins
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

The Assassins

The Assassins (aka Nizari Ismailis), were a heretical group of Shiite Muslims who were powerful in Persia and Syria from the 11th century CE until their defeat at the hands of the Mongols in the mid-13th century CE. Secure in their fortified...
Ancient Egypt
Imageby Jeff Dahl

Ancient Egypt

Map of Ancient Egypt, showing the Nile up to the fifth cataract, and major cities and sites of the Dynastic period (c. 3150 BC to 30 BC). Cairo and Jerusalem are shown as reference cities.
Latin Surrender to Saladin, 1187 CE
Imageby Said Tahsine

Latin Surrender to Saladin, 1187 CE

A painting depicting the surrender of the Latin ruler Guy de Lusignan to Saladin, the Sultan of Egypt and Syria (r. 1174-1193 CE), after the battle of Hattin in 1187 CE. The loss and subsequent capture of Jerusalem by Saladin would spark...
Saladin
Imageby Cristofano dell'Altissimo

Saladin

A painting of Saladin, the Sultan of Egypt and Syria (r. 1174-1193 CE) who shocked the western world by defeating a western army at the Battle of Hattin and then capturing Jerusalem in 1187 CE. (Painting by Cristofano dell'Altissimo, c. 1525-1605...
Assyrian Archers
Imageby Jan van der Crabben

Assyrian Archers

Assyrian archers firing on the enemy during the siege of Lachish. Each archer was protected from enemy fire by a shield bearer. The pointy pattern in the background means that this scene is happening in the mountains. They represent the...
Bronze statue of Hadrian
Imageby Carole Raddato

Bronze statue of Hadrian

Bronze statue of Hadrian, found at the Camp of the Sixth Roman Legion in Tel Shalem (Israel). It was found by chance by an American tourist in 1975 while searching for ancient coins with a metal detector. Tel Shalem was once occupied by a...
Seal of the Knights Templar
Imageby Unknown Artist

Seal of the Knights Templar

An illustration of a seal of the medieval military order the Knights Templar (c. 1119-1312 CE). One side shows the commonly used image of two knights riding a single horse while the other shows the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem where the order...
Altarpiece of the Holy Blood, Rothenburg
Imageby Berthold Werner

Altarpiece of the Holy Blood, Rothenburg

The Altarpiece of the Holy Blood in the church of Saint Jacob, Rothenburg, Germany. Made of glazed limewood by Tilman Riemenschneider (c. 1460-1531), it was completed by 1505. It shows the Last Supper in the central panel while the left...
Inscribed lintel from Silwan
Imageby Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Inscribed lintel from Silwan

This lintel was part of a rock-cut tomb. The text, inscribed in Hebrew, mentions that this tomb belongs to the "royal steward" and that there is no gold or silver inside it, just his bones and those of his maid-servants. Although the lintel...
Khirbet Qeiyafa Ostracon
Imageby MichaelNetzer

Khirbet Qeiyafa Ostracon

An illustration showing the markings of an ostracon (pottery sherd) from Khirbet Qeiyafa, Israel. The sherd is cited as evidence that the Hebrew language was in use from the 10th century BCE. The text has been interpreted as a social statement...
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