Europe During the Last Glacial Maximum
Europe during the most recent glacial, in which the ice sheets reached peak growth between c. 26.500 to c. 19,000 years ago. This is known as the Last Glacial Maximum. Sea levels were lower than today.
Treasure & Booty in the Golden Age of Piracy
During the Golden Age of Piracy (1690-1730), pirates were first and foremost after gold, silver, and jewels, but if these could not be grabbed, then a ship’s cargo would be taken for resale at a pirate haven. Shared amongst the crew, the...
Woolly Mammoth Skull
Woolly mammoth skull, jaw, and teeth (to the right) on display at the Australian Museum in Sydney in December 2017, on loan from the University of Alaska Museum in Fairbanks where it normally resides.
Mammoth Calf Lyuba
Remains of the woolly mammoth calf nicknamed 'Lyuba' (Russian for 'love') discovered in the Yamal peninsula in Russia in 2007. Lyuba - a female - was only about a month old at the time of her death, c. 42,000 years ago. She is the most complete...
The Spice Trade & the Age of Exploration
One of the major motivating factors in the European Age of Exploration was the search for direct access to the highly lucrative Eastern spice trade. In the 15th century, spices came to Europe via the Middle East land and sea routes, and spices...
Pirate Weapons in the Golden Age of Piracy
Pirates in the so-called Golden Age of Piracy (1690-1740) used all manner of weapons to attack ships and relieve them of their precious cargoes. Heavy cannons, muskets, pistols, cutlasses, and grenades were just some of the weapons pirates...
Muskox on the Tundra
Muskox grazing on the tundra in Cape Krusenstern National Monument, northern Alaska. They have lived in northern Alaska since the Ice Age, once grazing alongside wooly mammoths and steppe bison. As the climate warmed, the muskox moved north...
The Stonehenge Burials
A great deal has been written about why the prehistoric monument of Stonehenge, in Wiltshire, southern England, was constructed. Perhaps it was designed as a temple to the ancestors, an astronomical calendar, a healing centre or a giant computer...
Rock Drawings of Valcamonica
The rock drawings of Valcamonica are prehistoric petroglyphs carved in the glacier-polished, grey-purple Permian sandstone of the Camonica valley that extends for 90 km in the Italian provinces of Brescia and Bergamo in Lombardy. The name...
Wooly Mammoth, as shown at the Royal BC Museum, Victoria, British Columbia.