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Marcus Aurelius: Plato's Philosopher King
Articleby Joshua J. Mark

Marcus Aurelius: Plato's Philosopher King

Marcus Aurelius Antoninus (r. 161-180 CE), last of the “good emperors” of the Roman Empire, has been hailed as “the noblest of all the men who, by sheer intelligence and force of character, have prized and achieved goodness...
Kingdom of Kanem
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Kingdom of Kanem

The Kingdom of Kanem (aka Kanim) was an ancient African state located in modern-day Chad, which flourished from the 9th to 14th century CE. With its heartland in the centre of the African continent on the eastern shores of Lake Chad, the...
Augustine of Hippo
Definitionby Donald L. Wasson

Augustine of Hippo

Saint Augustine of Hippo (Aurelius Augustinus, 354-430 CE) was the first major philosopher of the Christian era. He was the Bishop of Hippo Regius in Numidia during the waning years of the Roman Empire, and his most famous work, The City...
Map of the Ayyubid Empire
Imageby Arab League

Map of the Ayyubid Empire

A map indicating (in red) the greatest extent of the Ayyubid Dynasty's empire (1171-1250 CE). Green indicates the areas controlled by the Crusader states (aka Latin East).
Thomas Aquinas
Definitionby Nathan Huffine

Thomas Aquinas

Saint Thomas Aquinas (l. 1225-1274, also known as the "Ox of Sicily" and the "Angelic Doctor") was a Dominican friar, mystic, theologian, and philosopher, all at once. Although he lived a relatively short life, dying at age 49, Thomas occupied...
Roman Female Portrait
Imageby Mark Cartwright

Roman Female Portrait

A bronze portrait of a woman, Roman, 1st century CE, Emporiae. (Archaeological Museum, Empuries, Spain)
Roman Priest
Imageby Mark Cartwright

Roman Priest

A portrait bust of a Roman priest wearing his laurel wreath. 235-245 CE. (Agora Museum, Athens)
Roman Ballista
Imageby Vissarion

Roman Ballista

The ballista was a Roman artillery weapon which used torsion to propel bolts or stones over several hundred metres. They were in use from the 3rd century BCE to the 4th century CE.
Roman Citizen Voting
Imageby Mark Cartwright

Roman Citizen Voting

A Roman coin depicting a citizen voting. Silver denarius of L. Cassius Longinus, 63 BCE. (Archaeological Museum, Tarragona, Spain)
Roman Sarcophagus with War Scene
Imageby Mark Cartwright

Roman Sarcophagus with War Scene

A sarcophagus of a Roman general depicting scenes of combat between Romans and German tribes, 180-190 CE. From Portonaccio, Rome. (Palazzo Massimo, Rome).
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