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Pilgrimage in the Byzantine Empire
Articleby Mark Cartwright

Pilgrimage in the Byzantine Empire

Pilgrimage in the Byzantine Empire involved the Christian faithful travelling often huge distances to visit such holy sites as Jerusalem or to see in person relics of holy figures and miraculous icons on show from Thessaloniki to Antioch...
Daily Life in the Byzantine Empire
Articleby Mark Cartwright

Daily Life in the Byzantine Empire

Daily life in the Byzantine Empire, like almost everywhere else before or since, largely depended on one's birth and the social circumstances of one's parents. There were some opportunities for advancement based on education, the accumulation...
Justinian II
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Justinian II

Justinian II “the Slit-nosed” ruled as emperor of the Byzantine Empire in two spells: from 685 to 695 CE and then again from 705 to 711 CE. It was after his first reign and prior to his exile that his nose was cut off by the usurper...
Constantine IV
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Constantine IV

Constantine IV ruled as emperor of the Byzantine empire from 668 to 685 CE. His reign is best remembered today for the five-year Arab siege of Constantinople from 674 CE, which the Byzantines resisted thanks to their strong fortifications...
Phaistos
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Phaistos

Located on the fertile Mesara plain in central Crete, Phaistos has been inhabited since the Final Neolithic period (c. 3600-3000 BCE). The settlements greatest period of influence was from the 20th to 15th century BCE, during which time it...
Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) - Ancient Rome Live
Videoby American Institute for Roman Culture

Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) - Ancient Rome Live

The Roman Emperor Constantine founded Constantinople on Byzantium, a strategic site for controlling the Bosphorus by the Greeks and as recently as Septimius Severus. This city was Constantine's "New Rome" with churches, walls, hippodrome...
Ani Cathedral Exterior
Imageby Hansm

Ani Cathedral Exterior

Th ruins of the 10th century CE Ani Cathedral, once capital of medieval Armenia (modern-day eastern Turkey). It was designed and built by the celebrated architect Trdat the Builder (c. 940s - c. 1020s CE).
Ani Cathedral, Aerial View
Imageby Antonio

Ani Cathedral, Aerial View

Th ruins of the 10th century CE Ani Cathedral, once capital of medieval Armenia (modern-day eastern Turkey). It was designed and built by the celebrated architect Trdat the Builder (c. 940s - c. 1020s CE).
Theodosian Walls
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Theodosian Walls

The Theodosian Walls are the fortifications of Constantinople, capital of the Byzantine Empire, which were first built during the reign of Theodosius II (408-450 CE). Sometimes known as the Theodosian Long Walls, they built upon and extended...
Ancient Greek Dance
Definitionby Nathalie Choubineh

Ancient Greek Dance

In ancient Greece, dance had a significant presence in everyday life. The Greeks not only danced on many different occasions, but they also recognized several non-performative activities such as ball-playing or rhythmic physical exercise...
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