Eratosthenes (276-195 BCE) was an ancient Greek Alexandrian scholar, native of Cyrene, who attained distinction in many fields including philosophy, mathematics, astronomy and history. However, it was in geography where he proved to be more...
The Bacchae is a Greek tragedy written by the playwright Euripides (c. 484-406 BCE) in 407 BCE, which portrays Pentheus as an impious king, for the ruler of Thebes has denied the worship of Dionysus within his city walls. For Pentheus, the...
Hecate (Hekate) is a goddess of Greek mythology capable of both good and evil. She was associated with witchcraft, magic, the Moon, doorways, and creatures of the night like hell-hounds and ghosts. Often depicted carrying a torch to remind...
Celtic Heads Sculpture, Entremont
A stone sculpture of human heads, the part of the body believed by the ancient Celts to hold the soul. From a sanctuary at the oppidum of Entremont, France. 2nd century BCE. (Musée Granet, Aix-en-Provence, France)
Shalabhanjika Sculpture in Belur
Shalabhanjika or Madanika (bracket figure) sculpture in Chennakesava Temple, Belur built during Hoysala period (1026 CE – 1343 CE).
Cycladic Head Sculpture
A marble head from a large Cycladic figure sculpture, 2600-2500 BCE. The head shows traces of pigment on the forehead - probably a diadem - and the nose and cheeks. (J.Paul Getty Museum, Malibu, USA).
Ancient Greek Priest & Priestess
A 2nd century CE Attic relief plaque showing a priest and priestess performing a religious ritual. (Archaeological Museum of Piraeus)
A detail of a wrestling scene, c. 510 BCE from the base of a funerary kouros. (National Archaeological Museum, Athens)
Helen of Troy
Helen of Troy (sometimes called Helen of Sparta) is a figure from Greek mythology whose elopement with (or abduction by) the Trojan prince Paris sparked off the Trojan War. Helen was the wife of Menelaus, the king of Sparta, and considered...
Museums in the Ancient Mediterranean
Museums have been around much longer than one might think, but in the ancient world, they were principally institutions of research and learning rather than places to display artworks and artefacts, even if they were often located in grand...