David I of Scotland
David I of Scotland reigned from 1124 to 1153 CE. Taking over from his elder brother Alexander I of Scotland (r. 1107-1124 CE), David continued to consolidate the kingdom of Scotland as a single nation, built castles and monasteries, and...
Thomas Wolsey, Cardinal Archbishop of York (l. c. 1473-1530 CE) served as Lord Chancellor to Henry VIII of England (r. 1509-1547 CE) from around 1513 CE to 1529 CE. Wolsey rose to become the most powerful man in England after the king, he...
Arms & White Hart of Richard II of England
The mythical coat of arms and white hart symbol of Richard II of England (r. 1377-1399 CE). From the back of the Wilton diptych, a painted panel created c. 1395-99 CE. (National Gallery, London)
Richard III & Henry VII, Stained Glass Window
A stained glass window showing the two rivals for the throne of England at the end of the Wars of the Roses (1455-1487 CE). In 1485 CE at the Battle of Bosworth, Richard III of England (r. 1483-85 CE) was defeated and killed while the victor...
Sculpture of Richard II of England
A sculpture of Richard II of England (r, 1377 - 1399 CE). Made in 1873 CE by Elkington & Co, cast by Domenico Brucciani. After a contemporary sculpture by Nicholas Broker and Godfrey Prest, made 1395-1397 CE. 787 mm (31 in) tall...
Richard II of England, National Portrait Gallery
Portrait of Richard II of England (r. 1377 - 1399 CE). Made by an unknown artist c. 1597-1618 CE. 578 mm x 449 mm (22 3/4 in. x 17 5/8 in). (National Portrait Gallery)
Westminster Portrait of Richard II of England
A portrait of Richard II of England (r. 1377-1399 CE). The painting was the first of an English king to be painted in his lifetime and was hung in Westminster Abbey. Some scholars have attributed the painting to Andre Beauneveu of Valenciennes...
Richard III of England, National Portrait Gallery
Late 16th Century CE portrait of Richard III of England (r. 1483 - 1485 CE). Unknown artist, 638 mm x 470 mm (25 1/8 in. x 18 1/2 in). (National Portrait Gallery)
Malcolm III of Scotland
Malcolm III of Scotland (aka Máel Coluim mac Donnchada) reigned as king from 1058 to 1093 CE. He took the throne after his young predecessor Lulach (r. 1057-1058 CE), the stepson of Macbeth, king of Scotland (r. 1040-1057 CE), was...
Henry II & Richard I
A 13th century CE illustration of King Henry II of England (r. 1154-1189 CE) and Richard I of England the Lionheart (r. 1189-199 CE). (British Library)