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Ancient Armenia
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Ancient Armenia

Ancient Armenia, located in the south Caucasus area of Eurasia, was settled in the Neolithic era but its first recorded state proper was the kingdom of Urartu from the 9th century BCE. Incorporated into the Persian Empire of Cyrus the Great...
Map of Classical Greek Sanctuaries
Imageby Marsyas

Map of Classical Greek Sanctuaries

Map of the main religious sanctuaries of classical Greece. The following gods' sanctuaries are marked in colour: Aphrodite, Apollo, Artemis, Asclepius, Athena, Dionysius, Demeter, Hera, Poseidon, Zeus.
Greek Peplos Dress
Imageby Mark Cartwright

Greek Peplos Dress

A Roman period statue of possibly Kore-Persephone, the daughter of Demeter. The head in fact is restored after a head of Apollo. She is sculpted in the style of 5th century BCE Greek statues and is wearing a peplum, a common type of Greek...
Rosetta Stone Detail, Greek Text
Imageby Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Rosetta Stone Detail, Greek Text

This is a zoomed-in detail of the lower part of the Rosetta stone showing the Greek text. The Rosetta Stone is a large almost complete fragment of a grey-pink granodiorite stela. A decree was carved on this stela using 3 ancient texts in...
Celtic Coin from Thrace Copying Greek Inscription
Imageby Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Celtic Coin from Thrace Copying Greek Inscription

Early Iron Age Celtic people copied Greek coins, often faithfully reproducing their designs and inscriptions. This suggests that Thracian die-engravers were illiterate, as legible Greek letters were gradually replaced by abstract patterns...
Mosaic of Amazon Warrior Fighting Greek Rider
Imageby Jacques Mossot

Mosaic of Amazon Warrior Fighting Greek Rider

An ancient Roman mosaic from the 4th century CE depicting an Amazon warrior in mounted combat against a Greek rider. The Greek is seizing the Phrygian cap of the Amazon. Cropped detail of a mosaic from Daphne, a suburb of Antioch on the Orontes...
Cleopatra VII
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Cleopatra VII

Cleopatra VII (l. c. 69-30 BCE, r. 51-30 BCE) was the last ruler of Egypt before it was annexed as a province of Rome. Although arguably the most famous Egyptian queen, Cleopatra was actually Greek and a member of the Ptolemaic Dynasty (323-30...
Bucchero
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Bucchero

Bucchero wares are a shiny dark grey to black pottery produced by the Etruscans of central Italy from the 7th to 4th century BCE. Used for everyday purposes and as funerary and votive objects, bucchero incorporates many forms from simple...
Temple of Hephaistos & Athena, Athens
Imageby Mark Cartwright

Temple of Hephaistos & Athena, Athens

Also known as the Theseum because of its decorative sculpture depicting the feats of Theseus, the Doric temple, built in 449 BCE, is situated in the agora of Athens. Hephaistos and Athena, as gods of crafts were worshipped here and within...
The Parthenon
Imageby Andrew Griffith

The Parthenon

A view from Filoppappos Hill of the Parthenon in Athens (447-432 BCE) built to house the giant statue of the goddess Athena, patron of the city.