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Treasure & Booty in the Golden Age of Piracy
Articleby Mark Cartwright

Treasure & Booty in the Golden Age of Piracy

During the Golden Age of Piracy (1690-1730), pirates were first and foremost after gold, silver, and jewels, but if these could not be grabbed, then a ship’s cargo would be taken for resale at a pirate haven. Shared amongst the crew, the...
Theatre Parodoi, Epidaurus
Imageby Mark Cartwright

Theatre Parodoi, Epidaurus

A view of the parodoi - the monumental gate entrances common to Classical theatres through which the audience entered the theatre.
Backed Seat, Theatre of Epidaurus
Imageby Mark Cartwright

Backed Seat, Theatre of Epidaurus

A detail of a seat with back for dignitaries made of reddish stone, present in the front rows of each tier. (3rd century BCE).
Cibola - The Seven Cities of Gold & Coronado
Articleby Joshua J. Mark

Cibola - The Seven Cities of Gold & Coronado

The Seven Cities of Cibola are the mythical lands of gold that the Spanish of the 16th century believed existed somewhere in the southwest of North America, comparable to the better-known mythical city of El Dorado. No sites matching the...
Food & Drink in the Elizabethan Era
Articleby Mark Cartwright

Food & Drink in the Elizabethan Era

Food and drink in the Elizabethan era was remarkably diverse with much more meat and many more varieties of it being eaten by those who could afford it than is the case today. Storage of food was still a problem and so fresh produce was grown...
Ancient Japanese & Chinese Relations
Articleby Mark Cartwright

Ancient Japanese & Chinese Relations

Relations between ancient Japan and China have a long history, and in certain periods the exchange of political, religious and cultural practices between the two was intense. China, the much older state and the more developed, passed on to...
Ancient Korean & Chinese Relations
Articleby Mark Cartwright

Ancient Korean & Chinese Relations

Contact between Korea and China goes back to mythology and prehistory. Trade developed from the Bronze and Iron Ages with raw materials and manufactured goods going in both directions for centuries thereafter. In addition to traders, migrants...
Food & Drink in the Mongol Empire
Articleby Mark Cartwright

Food & Drink in the Mongol Empire

The diet of the Mongols was greatly influenced by their nomadic way of life with dairy products and meat from their herds of sheep, goats, oxen, camels, and yaks dominating. Fruit, vegetables, herbs, and wild game were added thanks to foraging...
Reactions to Plague in the Ancient & Medieval World
Articleby Joshua J. Mark

Reactions to Plague in the Ancient & Medieval World

Throughout history, epidemics and pandemics of plague and other diseases have caused widespread panic and social disorder even, in some instances, when the people of one region were aware of a pervasive infection elsewhere. In the case of...
The Nerge: Hunting in the Mongol Empire
Articleby Mark Cartwright

The Nerge: Hunting in the Mongol Empire

The peoples of the Mongol Empire (1206-1368 CE) were nomadic, and they relied on hunting wild game as a valuable source of protein. The Asian steppe is a desolate, windy, and often bitterly cold environment, but for those Mongols with sufficient...