Protagoras of Abdera (l. c. 485-415 BCE) is considered the greatest of the Sophists of ancient Greece and the first philosopher in the West to promote Subjectivism, arguing that interpretation of any given experience, or anything whatsoever...
Palace of Nestor Ruins
Ruins of the Palace of Nestor at Pylos showing the preserved and decorated hearth and bathtub. The palace dates to c. 1300-1200 BCE
Macedonia under Philip II
Map of the Kingdom of Macedon and its expansions at the death of Philip II in 336 BC. Based on R. Ginouvès et al., La Macédoine, Paris, 1992.
Linear B Script
Linear B Script was the writing system used by the Mycenaean civilization. Examples of this script have been recovered from late Minoan II contexts in Crete and Mycenaean IIIA-B contexts in mainland Greece, which suggest that the script was...
Duchy of Athens
The Duchy of Athens was a Latin or Frankish state in Greece that existed from 1205 to 1458 CE. It was created in the aftermath of the Fourth Crusade (1202-1204 CE) and would be ruled for the majority of its history by the Burgundian de la...
Black-figured amphora (wine-jar) signed by Exekias as potter and attributed to him as painter
Greek, about 540-530 BC Made in Athens, Greece; found at Vulci (now in Lazio, Italy) Achilles killing the Amazon Queen Penthesilea Penthesilea brought her Amazon warriors to help the Trojans defend their city, but was killed in combat...
Map of Classical Greek Sanctuaries
Map of the main religious sanctuaries of classical Greece. The following gods' sanctuaries are marked in colour: Aphrodite, Apollo, Artemis, Asclepius, Athena, Dionysius, Demeter, Hera, Poseidon, Zeus.
Lions Gate Detail (Mycenae)
Detail photo of the Lions Gate in Mycenae, Argolis, Greece.
Caryatids of the 5th century BCE Erechtheion on the Athenian Acropolis.
The Army of Alexander the Great
No military commander in history has ever won a battle by himself. To be successful he needs the support of a well-trained army who will follow him regardless of the cost whether it be a stunning victory or hopeless defeat. One need only...