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Colonization in the Ancient Mediterranean
Collectionby Mark Cartwright

Colonization in the Ancient Mediterranean

Colonization of the ancient Mediterranean had been taking place since the Bronze Age, especially with Minoan and Mycenaean expansion, but it was the Phoenicians from the 10th century CE that really took the whole idea to a new level...
Battle of Thermopylae
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Battle of Thermopylae

Thermopylae is a mountain pass near the sea in northern Greece which was the site of several battles in antiquity, the most famous being that between Persians and Greeks in August 480 BCE. Despite being greatly inferior in numbers, the Greeks...
The Mycenaeans: A Civilization of Bronze Age Greece
Videoby Ancient History Encyclopedia

The Mycenaeans: A Civilization of Bronze Age Greece

The Mycenaeans are considered the earliest Greeks, and were a prosperous civilization of the Late Bronze Age on the Greek mainland. This video is an introduction into the history of the Mycenaean civilization, and takes you through the rise...
Ancient Societies
Collectionby Mark Cartwright

Ancient Societies

In this collection of resources, we look at ancient societies and examine who was at the top of the social ladder, who were the climbers and who were at the very bottom. In places like ancient Egypt, Greece and Rome men largely dominated...
The Phoenician Alphabet & Language
Articleby Thamis

The Phoenician Alphabet & Language

Phoenician is a Canaanite language closely related to Hebrew. Very little is known about the Canaanite language, except what can be gathered from the El-Amarna letters written by Canaanite kings to Pharaohs Amenhopis III (1402 - 1364 BCE...
Hercules and Alcestis: Personal Excellence & Social Duty
Articleby Joshua J. Mark

Hercules and Alcestis: Personal Excellence & Social Duty

For the ancient Greeks, the quality of arete (personal excellence) and the concept of eusebia (social duty) were most important. Aristotle discusses both of these at length in his Nichomachean Ethics and relates arete to eudaimonia - translated...
Warfare & Battles in Ancient Greece
Lesson Packby Patrick Goodman

Warfare & Battles in Ancient Greece

We have prepared four lesson plans including classroom activities, assignments, homework, and keys as well as: Multiple choice quiz questions in an excel format. Glossary of keywords and concepts in an excel format. Open questions...
The Persian Wars: Ancient Greece vs. the Achaemenid Persian Empire
Videoby Kelly Macquire

The Persian Wars: Ancient Greece vs. the Achaemenid Persian Empire

The Persian Wars, also known as the Greco Persian Wars, were a series of battles fought between Ancient Greece and the Achaemenid Persian Empire in the 5th century BCE. The most famous of these battles are the Battle of Marathon, the Battle...
The Minoans & Mycenaeans: Comparison of Two Bronze Age Civilisations
Articleby Kelly Macquire

The Minoans & Mycenaeans: Comparison of Two Bronze Age Civilisations

The Bronze Age Aegean in the eastern Mediterranean encompassed several powerful entities: the Minoans on Crete; the Mycenaeans on mainland Greece, and the Cypriots on Cyprus. These cultures are often examined separately, and thus the...
Mycenaean Pottery
Articleby Mark Cartwright

Mycenaean Pottery

The pottery of the Mycenaean civilization (1550-1050 BCE), although heavily influenced by the earlier Minoans based on Crete, nevertheless, added new pottery shapes to the existing range and achieved its own distinctive decorative style which...