Search Results: First Crusade

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Crusaders at the Walls of Jerusalem
Imageby Francesco Hayez

Crusaders at the Walls of Jerusalem

A 19th century CE painting by Francesco Hayez of the First Crusaders at the walls of Jerusalem in 1099 CE. (Royal Palace of Turin, Italy)
Second Triumvirate
Definitionby Donald L. Wasson

Second Triumvirate

The Second Triumvirate was a political association of convenience between three of Rome's most powerful figures: Mark Antony, Lepidus, and Octavian in the 1st century BCE. Following the assassination of Julius Caesar the three vowed revenge...
Bohemund the Norman
Imageby Merry-Joseph Blondel

Bohemund the Norman

A 19th century CE painting by Merry-Joseph Blondel of the Crusader knight and ruler of Antioch, Bohemund the Norman (c. 1054 - 1111 CE). (Palace of Versailles, France)
Ancient Egyptian Taxes & the Cattle Count
Articleby Joshua J. Mark

Ancient Egyptian Taxes & the Cattle Count

The gods of ancient Egypt freely gave their bounty to the people who worked the land, but this did not exempt those farmers from paying taxes on that bounty to the government. Egypt was a cashless society until the Persian Period (c. 525...
Carthaginian Army
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Carthaginian Army

The armies of Carthage permitted the city to forge the most powerful empire in the western Mediterranean from the 6th to 3rd centuries BCE. Although by tradition a seafaring nation with a powerful navy, Carthage, by necessity, had to employ...
Six Great Heresies of the Middle Ages
Articleby Joshua J. Mark

Six Great Heresies of the Middle Ages

The medieval Church established its monopoly over the spiritual life of Europeans in the Early Middle Ages (c. 476-1000) and consolidated that power throughout the High Middle Ages (1000-1300) and Late Middle Ages (1300-1500). Along the way...
Menes
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Menes

Menes (c. 3150 BCE) is the legendary first king of Egypt who is thought to have united Upper and Lower Egypt through conquest and founded both the First Dynasty and the great city of Memphis. His name is known from sources such as Manetho's...
The Gifts of Isis: Women's Status in Ancient Egypt
Articleby Joshua J. Mark

The Gifts of Isis: Women's Status in Ancient Egypt

A story on a papyrus dating from the 2nd century CE relates that the goddess Isis, bestowing gifts on humanity, gave as much power and honor to women as she did to men. This tale reflects the high status women enjoyed in ancient Egypt...
Roman Government
Definitionby Donald L. Wasson

Roman Government

Western Civilization is forever indebted to the people of ancient Greece and Rome. Among the numerous contributions these societies made are in the fields of art, literature and philosophy; however, perhaps their greatest gift to future generations...
Robert of Normandy at the Siege of Antioch
Imageby Jean-Joseph Dassy

Robert of Normandy at the Siege of Antioch

A 19th century CE painting by Jean-Joseph Dassy of Robert of Normandy at the Siege of Antioch, 1097-8 CE during the First Crusade (1095-1102 CE).
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