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Carthaginian Naval Warfare
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Carthaginian Naval Warfare

The Carthaginians were famed in antiquity for their seafaring skills and innovation in ship design. The empire their navy protected stretched from Sicily to the Atlantic coast of Africa. Able to match the tyrants of Sicily and the Hellenistic...
The Siege of Antioch, 1097-8 CE
Imageby Unknown Artist

The Siege of Antioch, 1097-8 CE

A 14th century CE illustration depicting the siege of Antioch of 1097-8 CE during the First Crusade (1095-1102 CE). (National Library of the Netherlands, The Hague)
Godfrey of Bouillon
Imageby Er&Red

Godfrey of Bouillon

A 19th century CE statue in Brussels by Eugène Simonis depicting Godfrey of Bouillon, one of the leaders of the First Crusade (1095-1102 CE) who was made the king of Jerusalem after the capture of that city in 1099 CE.
Sack of Constantinople 1204 CE - Fourth Crusade
Videoby Kings and Generals

Sack of Constantinople 1204 CE - Fourth Crusade

In our new animated historical documentary, we will describe the Fourth Crusade and the Sack of Constantinople in 1204. Although the First Crusade was succeeded in taking Jerusalem and a number of Frankish kingdoms were created in the Levant...
Predynastic Period in Egypt
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Predynastic Period in Egypt

The Predynastic Period in Ancient Egypt is the time before recorded history from the Paleolithic to the Neolithic Age and on to the rise of the First Dynasty and is generally recognized as spanning the era from c. 6000-3150 BCE (though physical...
Punic Wars
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Punic Wars

The Punic Wars were a series of conflicts fought between the forces of ancient Carthage and Rome between 264 BCE and 146 BCE. The name Punic comes from the word Phoenician (Phoinix in the Greek, Poenus from Punicus in Latin) as applied to...
Theodosian Walls
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Theodosian Walls

The Theodosian Walls are the fortifications of Constantinople, capital of the Byzantine Empire, which were first built during the reign of Theodosius II (408-450 CE). Sometimes known as the Theodosian Long Walls, they built upon and extended...
Carthaginian Warfare
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Carthaginian Warfare

Carthaginian warfare has been overshadowed by defeat to Rome in the Punic Wars, but for six centuries before that Carthage was remarkably successful in conquering lucrative territories in North Africa, the Iberian Peninsula, and Sicily. By...
Narmer
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Narmer

Narmer (c. 3150 BCE) was the first king of Egypt who unified the country peacefully at the beginning of the First Dynastic Period (c. 3150 - 2613 BCE). He has also, however, been cited as the last king of the Predynastic Period (c. 6000 -...
New Kingdom of Egypt
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

New Kingdom of Egypt

The New Kingdom (c. 1570- c.1069 BCE) is the era in Egyptian history following the disunity of the Second Intermediate Period (c. 1782-1570 BCE) and preceding the dissolution of the central government at the start of the Third Intermediate...
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