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Egyptian Funerary Stele from the First Intermediate Period
Imageby Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Egyptian Funerary Stele from the First Intermediate Period

This is a door-shaped limestone stele of a priestess of the goddess Hathor. First Intermediate Period, 2134-2040 BCE. From Egypt. (Ancient Orient Museum, Istanbul, Turkey).
Faras Cathedral
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Faras Cathedral

The Cathedral of Faras, a city in ancient Nubia and once the capital of the Kingdom of Faras (aka Nobatia), was built and rebuilt from the 8th to 11th century CE. Its interior was decorated with hundreds of frescoes which are amongst the...
The 12 Olympian Gods
Collectionby Mark Cartwright

The 12 Olympian Gods

The 12 gods of Mount Olympus were the most important deities in ancient Greece and in this collection we examine each one in detail. With their all-too-human qualities in Greek mythology, the Olympian gods were capable of displaying great...
Stele of Neskhonsupakhered
Imageby Mark Cartwright

Stele of Neskhonsupakhered

The stucco and painted wood Stele of Neskhonsupakhered. The deceased wears a transparent robe and approaches the god Harakhty on his throne. Egypt, Third Intermediate Period, Dynasty XXI-XXII, 1070-736 BCE. (Egyptian Museum, Turin)
Set
Imageby Phil

Set

Set depicted at the Temple of Horus at Edfu. Ptolemaic Period.
Medieval Japan
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Medieval Japan

The medieval period of Japan is considered by most historians to stretch from 1185 to 1603 CE. Stand out features of the period include the replacement of the aristocracy by the samurai class as the most powerful social group, the establishment...
Thoth, Luxor Relief
Imageby Jon bodsworth

Thoth, Luxor Relief

A relief carving of the Egyptian god Thoth from the throne back of a seated statue of Ramesses II (1279-1213 BCE), Luxor.
Thoth, Abydos Temple Relief
Imageby Olaf Tausch

Thoth, Abydos Temple Relief

A relief carving of the Egyptian god Thoth from the Temple of Ramesses II (1279-1213 BCE), Abydos.
Kosrau I
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Kosrau I

Kosrau I (r. 531-579 CE) was the greatest king of the Sassanian Empire (224-651 CE) in virtually every aspect of his reign. He reformed the military, the Persian government, expanded his territories, engaged in large-scale building projects...
Artaxerxes I
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Artaxerxes I

Artaxerxes I (r. 465-424 BCE) was the sixth monarch of the Achaemenid Persian Empire. He was the son of Xerxes I (r. 486-465 BCE) and his principal wife Amestris (d. 424 BCE) and grandson of Darius I (the Great, r. 522-486 BCE). He continued...
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