Bohemund the Norman
A 19th century CE painting by Merry-Joseph Blondel of the Crusader knight and ruler of Antioch, Bohemund the Norman (c. 1054 - 1111 CE). (Palace of Versailles, France)
The Siege of Antioch, 1097-8 CE
A 14th century CE illustration depicting the siege of Antioch of 1097-8 CE during the First Crusade (1095-1102 CE). (National Library of the Netherlands, The Hague)
Godfrey of Bouillon
A 19th century CE statue in Brussels by Eugène Simonis depicting Godfrey of Bouillon, one of the leaders of the First Crusade (1095-1102 CE) who was made the king of Jerusalem after the capture of that city in 1099 CE.
The Levant, 1263 CE
A map showing the various states of the Levant c. 1263 CE. Light Blue: Mamluk Sultanate Dark Blue: Latin East
Death of Louis IX at Tunis, 1270 CE
A 15th century CE painting depicting the death of French king Louis IX in 1270 CE during the Eighth Crusade at Tunis.
Map of the Ayyubid Empire
A map indicating (in red) the greatest extent of the Ayyubid Dynasty's empire (1171-1250 CE). Green indicates the areas controlled by the Crusader states (aka Latin East).
Pope Innocent III & the Albigensian Crusade
A medieval manuscript illustration showing Pope Innocent III (r. 1198-1216 CE) and the crusaders of the Albigensian Crusade in southern France (1209-1229 CE). (Chronicles of Saint-Denis, British Library, London)
Battle of Nicopolis, 1396 CE
A 15th century CE illustration by Sébastien Mamerot of the Battle of Nicopolis (aka Nicopolis Crusade) of 1396 CE when a Christian army was routed by the Ottoman Turks.
Religion in the Middle Ages
Religion in the Middle Ages, though dominated by the Catholic Church, was far more varied than only orthodox Christianity. In the Early Middle Ages (c. 476-1000 CE), long-established pagan beliefs and practices entwined with those of the...
The Siege of Acre, 1291 CE
A 19th century CE painting depicting the Knights Hospitaller defending Acre during the siege by the Mamluk Sultanate in 1291 CE.