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Siege of Acre, 1189-91 CE
Imageby Courtesy of Medieval Warfare Magazine / Karwansaray Publishers

Siege of Acre, 1189-91 CE

Illustration of the Siege of Acre (1189-91 CE) by Rocío Espin. Courtesy of Medieval Warfare Magazine / Karwansaray Publishers.
Medieval Knight
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Medieval Knight

Knights were the most-feared and best-protected warriors on the medieval battlefield, while off it, they were amongst the most fashionably dressed and best-mannered members of society. To reach this elevated position, however, became more...
Crac des Chevaliers and Qal'at Salah El-Din (UNESCO/NHK)
Videoby UNESCO TV NHK Nippon Hoso Kyokai

Crac des Chevaliers and Qal'at Salah El-Din (UNESCO/NHK)

These two castles represent the most significant examples illustrating the exchange of influences and documenting the evolution of fortified architecture in the Near East during the time of the Crusades (11th - 13th centuries A.D.). They're...
Kingdom of Abyssinia
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Kingdom of Abyssinia

The Kingdom of Abyssinia was founded in the 13th century CE and, transforming itself into the Ethiopian Empire via a series of military conquests, lasted until the 20th century CE. It was established by the kings of the Solomonid dynasty...
Western Roman Empire
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Western Roman Empire

The Western Roman Empire is the modern-day term for the western half of the Roman Empire after it was divided in two by the emperor Diocletian (r. 284-305 CE) in c. 285/286 CE. The Romans themselves did not use this term. At its height (c...
Prince Henry the Navigator
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Prince Henry the Navigator

Prince Henry the Navigator (aka Infante Dom Henrique, 1394-1460) was a Portuguese prince who famously helped capture the North African city of Ceuta, sponsored voyages of exploration with the aim of building colonies in the North Atlantic...
King Louis IX Carrying the Crown of Thorns
Imageby The Metropolitan Museum of Art

King Louis IX Carrying the Crown of Thorns

Created in Tours, France, sometime between 1245-1248 CE, this stained glass panel depicts King Louis IX (r. 1226-1270 CE) carrying the crown of thorns. Measures 55 x 35 cm. (Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York)
Taking of Jerusalem by the Crusaders
Imageby Émile Signol

Taking of Jerusalem by the Crusaders

A 19th century CE painting by Émil Signol titled "Taking of Jerusalem by the Crusaders, 15th July 1099". Jerusalem was recaptured from the Muslims during the First Crusade, 1095-1202 CE. (Palace of Versailles, France)
The Siege of Antioch, 1098 CE
Imageby Jean Colombe

The Siege of Antioch, 1098 CE

A 15th century CE painting by Jean Colombe depicting the First Crusader's attack on Antioch in 1097-8 CE. (Bibliothèque Nationale de France, Paris)
Crusaders at the Walls of Jerusalem
Imageby Francesco Hayez

Crusaders at the Walls of Jerusalem

A 19th century CE painting by Francesco Hayez of the First Crusaders at the walls of Jerusalem in 1099 CE. (Royal Palace of Turin, Italy)