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Eleanor of Aquitaine
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Eleanor of Aquitaine

Eleanor of Aquitaine (l. c. 1122-1204 CE) was one of the most impressive and powerful figures of the High Middle Ages (1000-1300 CE) – male or female – whose influence shaped the politics, art, medieval literature, and perception of women...
Abbasid Dynasty
Definitionby Syed Muhammad Khan

Abbasid Dynasty

The Abbasids were an Arabic dynasty that initially ruled over most of the Islamic empire (save some western parts) after assuming the caliphate in 750 CE, later on, their empire fragmented, however, they retained spiritual supremacy as caliphs...
Medieval Chivalry
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Medieval Chivalry

In medieval Europe, a code of ethics known as chivalry developed which included rules and expectations that the nobility would, at all times, behave in a certain manner. Chivalry was, in addition, a religious, moral and social code which...
Reconquista Battle Scene
Imageby Unknown Artist

Reconquista Battle Scene

An illustration from the 13th century CE Cantigas de Santa María showing a battle between Christian knights and Moors during the Reconquista or Iberian Crusades (12-13th century CE).
Map of The Latin East, 1190 CE
Imageby Mapmaster

Map of The Latin East, 1190 CE

A map of the Middle East showing the Crusader-held Latin East states at the time of the Third Crusade (1189-1192 CE).
The Battle of Hattin, 1187 CE
Imageby Unknown Artist

The Battle of Hattin, 1187 CE

An illustration from the 13th century CE Chronica majora by Michael Paris showing a scene from the Battle of Hattin in 1187 CE. On the left is the Muslim leader Saladin who faces and takes from King Guy of Jerusalem the True Cross. (Corpus...
Saladin
Imageby Cristofano dell'Altissimo

Saladin

A painting of Saladin, the Sultan of Egypt and Syria (r. 1174-1193 CE) who shocked the western world by defeating a western army at the Battle of Hattin and then capturing Jerusalem in 1187 CE. (Painting by Cristofano dell'Altissimo, c. 1525-1605...
Latin Surrender to Saladin, 1187 CE
Imageby Said Tahsine

Latin Surrender to Saladin, 1187 CE

A painting depicting the surrender of the Latin ruler Guy de Lusignan to Saladin, the Sultan of Egypt and Syria (r. 1174-1193 CE), after the battle of Hattin in 1187 CE. The loss and subsequent capture of Jerusalem by Saladin would spark...
Saladin and Guy of Lusignan
Imageby Mark Cartwright

Saladin and Guy of Lusignan

A 17th century CE painting by Jan Lievens of Saladin, Sultan of Egypt and Syria (r. 1174-1193 CE) and the French nobleman and king of the Kingdom of Jerusalem, Guy of Lusignan (r. 1186-1192 CE), enemies during the siege of Acre from 1189-1191...
Jerusalem Recaptured by Saladin
Imageby Jan Luyken

Jerusalem Recaptured by Saladin

This print from 1683 CE depicts the recapture of Jerusalem in 1187 CE by Saladin (r. 1174-1193 CE) . Etching on paper. Measures 169 mm x 292 mm. (Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam)